Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
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Higher Taxonomy
Family: VerbenaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub [tree], generally hairy. Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4--5-toothed; corolla 4--5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4--5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral. Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
Genera In Family: +- 31 genera, +- 920 species: especially American tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Habit: Shrub, strong-smelling. Leaf: blade lanceolate to ovate. Inflorescence: raceme or spike, longer than wide. Flower: calyx 4-toothed; corolla 5-lobed, +- 2-lipped; stamens 4; ovary 2-chambered, ovules 2, style unlobed, stigma +- spheric, terminal. Fruit: nutlets 2.
Species In Genus: +- 35 species: America. Some used for food flavoring, tea. Etymology: (Maria Louisa, princess of Asturias and, later, queen of Spain, 18th century)
Jepson eFlora Author: Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Aloysia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 19, 2019.