Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Kopsiopsis strobilacea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: KopsiopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GROUND-CONE
Habit: Perennial herb 7--30 cm, not green (holoparasite); roots 0. Stem: erect, simple, 1--many from spheric, tuber-like base attached to host root; tuber surface covered with polygonal plates 2--3 mm diam. Leaf: true leaves 0. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts densely overlapping; pedicels generally < 2 mm; bractlets on pedicel 0--2, linear. Flower: calyx cup-shaped, lobes tapered; corolla with ring of hairs in distal tube at base of stamens, upper lip entire or indented, margin incurved, lower lip 3-lobed; distal end of filament and anther hairy. Fruit: placenta 1 per valve.
Species In Genus: 2 species: western North America. Etymology: (Jan Kops, Dutch botanist, 1765--1849)
eFlora Treatment Author: Alison E.L. Colwell

Kopsiopsis strobilacea (A. Gray) Beck
Habit: Plant (6)10--30 cm. Inflorescence: 4--15 cm, generally red-brown to dark +- purple (pale); largest bracts 15--20 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 0(2--4), 3--7 mm, abruptly tapered; corolla generally purple (lobe margins pale), lips 5--6 mm, +- equal, lower lip generally spreading, margins glabrous. Seed: +- 2 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=82.
Ecology: Open woodland, chaparral, generally on Arctostaphylos; Elevation: < 3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n SN, SnFrB, TR, PR; Distribution Outside California: southern Oregon, Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun Note: Widely scattered, most common in NW, TR. A few populations intermediate to Kopsiopsis hookeri in corolla pubescence and bract shape occur in Siskiyou, Sonoma, Shasta cos.
Synonyms: Boschniakia strobilacea A. Gray
eFlora Treatment Author: Alison E.L. Colwell
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Previous taxon: Kopsiopsis hookeri
Next taxon: Orobanche

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botanical illustration including Kopsiopsis strobilacea


Citation for this treatment: Alison E.L. Colwell 2016. Kopsiopsis strobilacea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Kopsiopsis strobilacea
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Kopsiopsis strobilacea
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Kopsiopsis strobilacea
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© 2008 Aaron Schusteff
Kopsiopsis strobilacea
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Kopsiopsis strobilacea
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© 2009 Barry Rice
Kopsiopsis strobilacea
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© 2007 Neal Kramer

More photos of Kopsiopsis strobilacea in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Kopsiopsis strobilacea:
NW, CaR, n SN, SnFrB, TR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.