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Chloropyron molle subsp. molle
SOFT SALTY BIRD'S-BEAK


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 101 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche and Phelipanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. Taxa of Orobanche in TJM2 treated here in Aphyllon and Phelipanche.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ChloropyronView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SALTY BIRD'S-BEAK
Habit: Annual 10--60 cm, green, branches few to many; roots +- yellow. Leaf: alternate, sessile, 5--35 mm, entire, lanceolate to oblong. Inflorescence: spike, loose to dense, subtended by outer, leaf-like bracts; inner bract 1 per flower, +- leaf-like, entire or pinnately lobed. Flower: calyx = or slightly < corolla, sheath-like, generally cut completely to base abaxially, partially surrounding corolla tube laterally, notched +- 1 mm at tip; corolla 2-lipped, club-shaped, tubular below, expanded laterally, upper lip folded lengthwise, tip rounded, closed, opening directed downward forming a hood enclosing anthers and style; lower lip <= upper lip, obscurely 3-lobed; fertile stamens 4 and staminodes 0, or 2 with adaxial pair of staminodes (attached deeper in corolla tube), anther sacs generally 2 per stamen, +- overlapping, tufted-hairy at base, unequal in size and placement; ovary 2-chambered, glabrous, ovules many, style bent near tip, stigma barely exserted. Seed: attached at side; seed coat tight-fitting, netted. Chromosomes: n=14,15,21.
Species In Genus: 4 species: saline and alkaline habitats, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: salt pl) Note: Formerly included in Cordylanthus. Close to Dicranostegia, together forming the Pseudocordylanthus clade (see Tank et al. 2009); distinguished by salt-tolerant ecology, inflorescence, calyx, stamens; flowers May--Nov.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank
Reference: Tank et al. 2009 Syst Bot 34:182--197
Unabridged Reference: Tank & Olmstead 2008 Amer J Bot 95:608--625
Species: Chloropyron molleView Description 


Habit: Plant 10--40 cm, gray-green, often tinged purple, glandular-puberulent and stiffly long-nonglandular-hairy. Leaf: 10--25 mm, +- oblong, entire to 7-lobed. Inflorescence: spike, 20--150 mm; outer bracts leaf-like; inner bracts 15--25 mm, 3--7-lobed. Flower: calyx 15--20 mm; corolla 15--20 mm, +- white, +- densely tomentose, middle lobe of lower lip erect; fertile stamens 2, staminodes 2; style glabrous. Seed: 1--3 mm, +- reniform, deeply netted, dark brown. Chromosomes: 2n=28.

Chloropyron molle (A. Gray) A. Heller subsp. molle
NATIVE
Habit: Plant generally +- soft-hairy. Stem: branches generally few, from middle, +- ascending. Inflorescence: 5--15 cm. Flower: corolla pouch and tube densely tomentose. Seed: 2--3 mm.
Ecology: Coastal salt marshes; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: n CCo, deltaic GV. Flowering Time: Jul--Nov
Synonyms: Cordylanthus mollis A. Gray subsp. mollis
Jepson eFlora Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank
Reference: Tank et al. 2009 Syst Bot 34:182--197
Unabridged Reference: Tank & Olmstead 2008 Amer J Bot 95:608--625
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Chloropyron molle subsp. molle

botanical illustration including Chloropyron molle subsp. molle

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank 2012, Chloropyron molle subsp. molle, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=93771, accessed on August 25, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 25, 2019.

Chloropyron molle subsp. molle
click for enlargement
© 2009 Vernon Smith
Chloropyron molle subsp. molle
click for enlargement
© 2009 Vernon Smith
Chloropyron molle subsp. molle
click for enlargement
© 1992 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Chloropyron molle subsp. molle
click for enlargement
© 1992 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

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Geographic subdivisions for Chloropyron molle subsp. molle:
n CCo, deltaic GV.
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map of distribution 1
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.