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Chloropyron palmatum
PALMATE SALTY BIRD'S-BEAK

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ChloropyronView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SALTY BIRD'S-BEAK
Habit: Annual 10--60 cm, green, branches few to many; roots +- yellow. Leaf: alternate, sessile, 5--35 mm, entire, lanceolate to oblong. Inflorescence: spike, loose to dense, subtended by outer, leaf-like bracts; inner bract 1 per flower, +- leaf-like, entire or pinnately lobed. Flower: calyx = or slightly < corolla, sheath-like, generally cut completely to base abaxially, partially surrounding corolla tube laterally, notched +- 1 mm at tip; corolla 2-lipped, club-shaped, tubular below, expanded laterally, upper lip folded lengthwise, tip rounded, closed, opening directed downward forming a hood enclosing anthers and style; lower lip <= upper lip, obscurely 3-lobed; fertile stamens 4 and staminodes 0, or 2 with adaxial pair of staminodes (attached deeper in corolla tube), anther sacs generally 2 per stamen, +- overlapping, tufted-hairy at base, unequal in size and placement; ovary 2-chambered, glabrous, ovules many, style bent near tip, stigma barely exserted. Seed: attached at side; seed coat tight-fitting, netted. Chromosomes: n=14,15,21.
Species In Genus: 4 species: saline and alkaline habitats, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: salt pl) Note: Formerly included in Cordylanthus. Close to Dicranostegia, together forming the Pseudocordylanthus clade (see Tank et al. 2009); distinguished by salt-tolerant ecology, inflorescence, calyx, stamens; flowers May--Nov.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank

Chloropyron palmatum (Ferris) Tank & J.M. Egger
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--30 cm, 3--8 mm wide, gray-green, +- glandular, soft-hairy, longest hairs < 1 mm, becoming glabrous. Leaf: 7--20 mm, +- oblong, entire to 5-lobed. Inflorescence: spike, 50--150 mm, dense; outer bracts leaf-like; inner bracts 15--20 mm, 3--7-lobed. Flower: calyx +- 15 mm; corolla 15--20 mm, +- white, finely puberulent, sides often +- pale lavender, middle lobe of lower lip erect; fertile stamens 2, staminodes 2; style glabrous. Seed: 2.5--3 mm, +- reniform, deeply netted, wavy-crested, +- dark-brown. Chromosomes: 2n=42.
Ecology: Alkaline flats; Elevation: < 60 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV (Colusa, Yolo, Alameda, San Joaquin, Madera, Fresno cos.). Flowering Time: Jun--Aug Note: Threatened by agriculture, urbanization.
Synonyms: Cordylanthus palmatus (Ferris) J.F. Macbr.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank 2016. Chloropyron palmatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=93768, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Chloropyron palmatum
click for enlargement
© 2003 George W. Hartwell
Chloropyron palmatum
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Chloropyron palmatum
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Chloropyron palmatum
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Chloropyron palmatum
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Chloropyron palmatum
click for enlargement
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Chloropyron palmatum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Chloropyron palmatum:
GV (Colusa, Yolo, Alameda, San Joaquin, Madera, Fresno cos.).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.