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Searsia lancea
AFRICAN SUMAC

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AnacardiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SUMAC or CASHEW FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree; generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual; resin clear, often weathering black, generally aromatic, latex milky or 0. Leaf: simple to ternate- or odd-pinnate-compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, base generally +- fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; (perianth parts 1--7 in Pistacia); stamens 4--7 or 10, vestigial in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by +- lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1--3. Fruit: drupe-like, generally +- flat, sticky or not, hairs short or 0; pulp +- resinous, aromatic or not.
Genera In Family: 70+ genera, +- 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus), cultivated for fruit (Anacardium, cashew; Mangifera, mango; Pistacia, pistachio). Toxicity: TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SearsiaView Description 

Habit: Shrubs or trees; generally monoecious. Leaf: ternate-pinnate-compound, +- evergreen [deciduous], generally entire [to lobed]. Inflorescence: panicle [raceme], terminal and/or axillary; flowers +- sessile to pedicelled. Flower: stamens 5; styles 3, fused at base. Fruit: +- spheric, glabrous [hairy]; pulp thin, resinous.
Species In Genus: 120 species: Mediterranean, Asia, Africa. Etymology: (P.B. Sears, American ecologist, 1891--1990)
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Bruce G. Baldwin

Searsia lancea (L. f.) F.A. Barkley
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant 1--8 m. Leaf: petiole 2--5 mm; leaflets 2.5--12 cm, 0.5--2 cm wide, linear to narrowly lanceolate, generally entire, +- leathery, generally flat, tip acute to +- obtuse. Inflorescence: pendant; bractlets 2--4 mm. Flower: sepals green, glandular; petals white to +- yellow. Fruit: 5--8 mm diam, smooth, yellow or yellow-brown, glabrous.
Ecology: Canyons, alluvial fans in desert, coastal scrub, riparian woodland, disturbed places; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, DSon; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun Note: Cult elsewhere.
Synonyms: Rhus lancea L. f.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Bruce G. Baldwin
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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Bruce G. Baldwin 2016. Searsia lancea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=93752, accessed on July 26, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 26, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Searsia lancea:
SCo, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.