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Eriodictyon parryi

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: EriodictyonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: YERBA SANTA
Habit: Perennial herb to shrub. Stem: prostrate to ascending or erect; bark shredding. Leaf: cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: generally open, terminal. Flower: corolla funnel- to urn-shaped, white, lavender, or purple, generally hairy abaxially; stamens included, filaments generally hairy; ovary chambers 2, styles 2, generally hairy. Fruit: 1--3 mm wide; valves 4. Seed: striate, dark brown or black.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: erio, wool, plus dictyon, net, from abaxial leaves)
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan

Eriodictyon parryi (A. Gray) Greene
Habit: Subshrub, dense-glandular, sticky, strong-scented. Stem: erect, 1--3 m, stout, branched from, generally woody at base. Leaf: dense, sessile; blade 4--30 cm, lanceolate, entire or toothed, margins of upper occasionally rolled under. Inflorescence: terminal, branched; flowers dense-clustered, short-pedicelled. Flower: calyx lobes 3--6 mm, glandular, coarse-long-hairy; corolla 10--20 mm, shallow-lobed, funnel-shaped, blue, lavender, or purple, glandular, hairy abaxially; stamens included, unequal; ovary chambers appearing 2, style 4--7 mm. Fruit: valves 4, 3--4 mm, ovoid, glandular-hairy. Seed: many, oblong-ovoid, angled, shiny black, fine-ridged, minute-net-sculptured. Chromosomes: n=13.
Ecology: Generally disturbed areas, chaparral, dry granitic soils of slopes, ridges; often following fires; Elevation: 120--2440 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SN, Teh, s SCoRO, TR, PR, DMtns (Panamint Range, Little San Bernardino Mtns), w edge DSon (rare); Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Move from Turricula based on molecular data; causes severe contact dermatitis in some people.
Synonyms: Turricula parryi (A. Gray) J.F. Macbr.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan
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botanical illustration including Eriodictyon parryi


Citation for this treatment: Gary L. Hannan 2016. Eriodictyon parryi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Eriodictyon parryi
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© 2013 Keir Morse
Eriodictyon parryi
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© 2013 Keir Morse
Eriodictyon parryi
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© 2014 Barry Rice
Eriodictyon parryi
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Eriodictyon parryi
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© 2014 Barry Rice
Eriodictyon parryi
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© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Eriodictyon parryi in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Eriodictyon parryi:
s SN, Teh, s SCoRO, TR, PR, DMtns (Panamint Range, Little San Bernardino Mtns), w edge DSon (rare);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.