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Oenothera cespitosa subsp. crinita
CESPITOSE EVENING-PRIMROSE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OnagraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: EVENING-PRIMROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2--7); petals 4(2--7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
Genera In Family: 22 genera, +- 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). Note: Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: OenotheraView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: EVENING-PRIMROSE
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally from taproot, occasionally rhizomed. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, generally pinnately toothed to lobed, generally sessile. Inflorescence: spike, raceme-like, or flowers in axils of distal, reduced leaves. Flower: radial or (sect. Gaura) bilateral, generally opening at dusk; sepals 4, reflexed in flower (sometimes 2--3 remaining adherent); petals 4, yellow, white, rose, or +- purple, generally fading +- orange to +- purple, tip notched or toothed; stamens 8, filaments sometimes (sect. Gaura) with paired teeth at base, anthers attached at middle; ovary chambers 4, stigma generally deeply lobed, generally > anthers and cross-pollinated (or +- = anthers and self-pollinated). Fruit: generally dehiscent, cylindric to ovoid or obovoid, cylindric to 4-winged or -angled, straight to curved, generally sessile (base sometimes seedless, stalk-like). Seed: in generally 2(1--3) rows per chamber, or clustered or reduced to 1--4 per fruit.
Species In Genus: 145 species: America, some widely naturalized. Etymology: (Greek: wine-scented)
Unabridged Note: Many species self-pollinated; some of these have chromosome peculiarities (ring of 14 in meiosis) and +- 50% pollen fertility; they yield genetically identical offspring.
Species: Oenothera cespitosaView Description 

Common Name: FRAGRANT EVENING-PRIMROSE
Habit: Perennial herb, rosetted; caudex woody, new shoots generally from lateral roots; hairs glandular and occasionally also coarse and nonglandular. Stem: sprawling, < 2 dm, or +- 0. Leaf: 1.7--36 cm, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, generally irregularly dentate to lobed. Inflorescence: flowers in axils. Flower: sepals 16--50 mm, tips in bud not free; petals 16--56 mm, white. Fruit: 4--9 mm wide, cylindric to elliptic-ovate, tubercled. Seed: obovate to +- triangular, papillate or netted, 1 side with a cavity sealed by a depressed, generally splitting membrane. Chromosomes: 2n=14,28.
Note: Cross-pollinated. 5 intergrading subspecies, 2 in California.

Oenothera cespitosa subsp. crinita (Rydb.) Munz
NATIVE
Habit: Plant loosely to densely cespitose. Flower: hypanthium 30--85 mm; petals fading rose to purple. Fruit: 10--34 mm, lanceolate to elliptic-ovate, generally S-shaped; stalk-like base 0--1 mm. Seed: 2.9--3.5 mm; cavity margin lobed.
Ecology: Calcium soils in bristlecone-pine forest, pinyon/juniper woodland, desert scrub; Elevation: 1150--3370 m. Bioregional Distribution: MP (Likely), SNE, D; Distribution Outside California: western United States. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep Note: 2 intergrading forms differ in elevation, habit, leaf size, petal color; more study needed.
Synonyms: Oenothera cespitosa var. crinita (Rydb.) Munz; Oenothera caespitosa subsp. crinita, orth. var.
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner
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Citation for this treatment: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner 2016. Oenothera cespitosa subsp. crinita, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=91817, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Oenothera cespitosa subsp. crinita:
MP (Likely), SNE, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.