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Duchesnea indica var. indica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DuchesneaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, stoloned; glands not evident. Leaf: basal and on stolons, ternately compound; leaflets often double-toothed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils on leafy stolons; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow-cup-shaped, bractlets 5, generally wider than sepals; petals yellow; stamens 20, filaments slender, anthers with paired pollen sacs; pistils many, ovary superior, style slender, attached below fruit tip. Fruit: +- strawberry-like; receptacle enlarged, red, +- completely covered with achenes.
Species In Genus: 2 species: southeastern Asia. Etymology: (A.N. Duchesne, French botanist, 1747--1827)
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter

Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke var. indica
Habit: Plant forming ground-cover, sparsely hairy. Leaf: basal leaf petiole 2--20 cm, central leaflet 1--4(6) cm, elliptic-ovate, short-stalked. Inflorescence: pedicels 2--13 cm. Flower: hypanthium bractlets = sepals but wider, obovate, 3-toothed; sepals 4--10 mm; petals 4--8 mm, obovate-oblong. Fruit: receptacle 1--2 cm wide, spheric-ovoid, +- pithy; achenes 1--1.5 mm, red. Chromosomes: n=42.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: generally < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: ScV, CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to eastern United States; native to Asia. Flowering Time: May--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter
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Citation for this treatment: Barbara Ertter 2016. Duchesnea indica var. indica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Duchesnea indica var. indica:
ScV, CCo, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.