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Vascular Plants of California
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Arabis eschscholtziana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
Genera In Family: +- 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ArabisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROCKCRESS
Habit: Annual, biennial, perennial herb; base not woody; hairs simple, forked, or stellate; caudex branched or not. Stem: branched or not, leafy. Leaf: basal rosetted, petioled, entire or dentate; cauline sessile, entire or dentate, base lobed or not. Flower: sepals erect or ascending, base of lateral pair sac-like or not; petals spoon-shaped to oblong, oblanceolate, or obovate, white to pink or deep purple. Fruit: silique, erect to spreading, linear, dehiscent, unsegmented, straight, flat parallel to septum, glabrous. Seed: 12--110, 1 row per chamber, flat, winged or margined.
Species In Genus: < 70 species: temperate North America, Eurasia, northern Africa. Etymology: (Latin: of Arabia) Note: Most species of Arabis in TJM (1993) moved to Boechera; Arabis glabra to Turritis. California record of Arabis aculeolata Greene not confirmed.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Arabis eschscholtziana Andrz. ex Ledeb.
Habit: Biennial or perennial herb; caudex branches 0--few; hairs simple to forked or 0. Stem: 1--few, generally branched distally, 2--7(10) dm, hairy (glabrous). Leaf: basal 2--13 cm, narrowly oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, entire or dentate, hairy to glabrous; cauline (2)4--12(18), generally well spaced, basally lobed. Flower: sepals 3.5--5 mm, base of lateral pair sac-like; petals (5.5)6.5--9(10) mm, 1.5--3 mm wide, narrowly spoon-shaped to linear-oblanceolate, white (pink). Fruit: erect to ascending, 3.5--6.5 cm, 1.2--2 mm wide; style (0.1)0.3--1 mm; pedicel erect to ascending, 3.5--10(15) mm, slender, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Seed: 54--80, 1--1.8 mm, oblong; wing to 0.2 mm wide, or 0. Chromosomes: 2n=32,64.
Ecology: Gravelly soils, swales, open woodland, meadows, rock crevices, ledges; Elevation: < 2800 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRO, CaR, SN, SnBr, W&I; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Yukon Territory, Wyoming, Nevada. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. glabrata Torr. & A. Gray; Arabis hirsuta var. eschscholtziana (Andrz. ex Ledeb.) Rollins;
Jepson eFlora Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
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Botanical illustration including Arabis eschscholtziana

botanical illustration including Arabis eschscholtziana


Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2012, Arabis eschscholtziana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 19, 2019.

Arabis eschscholtziana
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson
Arabis eschscholtziana
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson
Arabis eschscholtziana
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson
Arabis eschscholtziana
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson

More photos of Arabis eschscholtziana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Arabis eschscholtziana:
KR, NCoRO, CaR, SN, SnBr, W&I;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.