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Acmispon prostratus
NUTTALL'S ACMISPON


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LEGUME FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: generally alternate, generally compound, generally stipuled, generally entire, pinnately veined Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; or flowers 1--few in axils. Flower: generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium 0 or flat to tubular; sepals generally 5, generally fused; petals generally 5, free, fused, or lower 2 +- united into keel (see 3, Key to Groups, for banner, wings); stamens 10 or many (or [1], 5, 6, 7, 9), free or fused or 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1--many, style, stigma 1. Fruit: legume, including a stalk-like base (above receptacle) or not. Seed: 1--many, often +- reniform, generally hard, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. Note: Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2--5(8) (vs 7--17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth. , Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss (possibly extirpated), Lens culinaris Medik. are agricultural weeds. Caragana arborescens Lam. only cult. Ononis alopecuroides L. , Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. all evidently extirpated. Cercidium moved to Parkinsonia; Chamaecytisus to Cytisus; Psoralidium lanceolatum to Ladeania.
eFlora Treatment Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Martin F. Wojciechowski, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AcmisponView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: DEERVETCH, DEERWEED
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, unarmed. Leaf: generally odd-1-pinnate (or +- palmately compound, rarely some or most simple); stipules often gland-like, bump-like, or conic, often not apparent; leaflets 3--9, generally irregularly arranged, lowest not stipular in position. Inflorescence: umbel or 1--2-flowered, axillary, generally peduncled, often bracted. Flower: corolla generally yellow (white, pink), fading darker; 9 filaments fused, 1 free. Fruit: dehiscent or not, exserted from calyx or not, ovoid to oblong, +- beaked. Seed: 1--several.
Species In Genus: +- 23 species: southwestern Canada, western United States, Mexico, 1 sp. in Chile. Etymology: (Greek acme, point, apex, probably for the hooked-tipped fruit) Note: Intermediates may be hybrids.
Unabridged Note: Pollen has 4(7) apertures.
eFlora Treatment Author: Luc Brouillet
Reference: Brouillet 2008 J Bot Res Inst Texas 2:387--394
Unabridged Reference: Isely 1981 Mem New York Bot Gard 25:128--206; Sokoloff 2000 Ann Bot Fenn 37:125--131
Acmispon prostratus (Torr. & A. Gray) Brouillet
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, glabrous or strigose. Stem: prostrate or ascending, 1--10 dm. Leaf: irregularly pinnate or subpalmate, well spaced; stipules gland-like; leaflets 3--6, 4--10 mm, oblanceolate to obovate. Inflorescence: 3--8-flowered, peduncle 8--30 mm, bracted. Flower: calyx 2--3 mm, lobes << tube, strigose; corolla 5--7 mm, yellow often with red, wings >= keel. Fruit: indehiscent, spreading or reflexed, exserted, 1--1.5 cm, linear, curved, not flat, occasionally with small horn-like processes; beak hooked, tapered, 2--3 mm. Seed: 2.
Ecology: Beaches, coastal scrub, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 30 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCo (w San Diego Co.); Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Lotus nuttallianus Greene
Jepson eFlora Author: Luc Brouillet
Reference: Brouillet 2008 J Bot Res Inst Texas 2:387--394
Unabridged Reference: Isely 1981 Mem New York Bot Gard 25:128--206; Sokoloff 2000 Ann Bot Fenn 37:125--131
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Acmispon prostratus

botanical illustration including Acmispon prostratus

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Citation for this treatment: Luc Brouillet 2012, Acmispon prostratus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=91719, accessed on August 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 22, 2019.

Acmispon prostratus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Acmispon prostratus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Acmispon prostratus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Acmispon prostratus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Acmispon prostratus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Acmispon prostratus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse

More photos of Acmispon prostratus in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Acmispon prostratus:
s SCo (w San Diego Co.)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.