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Monardella australis subsp. australis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MonardellaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub, +- gland-dotted, scented. Leaf: entire to serrate, margin flat or wavy; petioles 0 or present, often grading into blade. Inflorescence: flowers in compact clusters of >= 1 per main stem, these occasionally arrayed in panicles (rarely spikes); flowers 3--100 per cluster; bracts generally erect in a cup-like involucre or reflexed, reduced in size inward, leaf-like to membranous in texture, green or straw-colored to rose or purple, linear to ovate, acuminate to acute or obtuse. Flower: calyx 5-lobed; 4--25 mm; corolla white to purple or yellow to red, weakly bilateral, upper lip erect, 2-lobed, lower lip recurved, 3-lobed; stamens 4; style unequally 2-lobed.
Species In Genus: > 30 species: western North America. Etymology: (Latin: small Monarda) Note: Complex; study needed; many taxa intergrade; flower cluster width and bract orientation given for pressed specimens. Leaf length including petiole, if present. M. Brunell authored Monardella follettii (in part), Monardella odoratissima (in part), Monardella palmeri, Monardella purpurea, Monardella sheltonii (in part), Monardella stebbinsii, Monardella villosa (in part).
eFlora Treatment Author: Andrew C. Sanders, Mark A. Elvin & Mark S. Brunell
Species: Monardella australisView Description 

Habit: Subshrub, matted or tufted, rhizomed. Stem: decumbent to erect, 3--35 cm, sparsely to densely hairy. Leaf: sessile to petioled, 5--30 mm, 2--7 mm wide, lanceolate to triangular-ovate, entire to serrate, green to ash-gray, margin occasionally faintly wavy, teeth 0--several. Inflorescence: flower clusters 1--several per main stem, 8--23 mm wide; bracts erect, in cup-like involucre, narrowly lanceolate to ovate, acute to long-acuminate, membranous or not, hairy, green to red or purple. Flower: calyx lobes hairy; corolla 9--20 mm, white to rose or purple.

Monardella australis Abrams subsp. australis
Habit: Plant matted. Stem: decumbent to ascending, 10--20 cm. Leaf: +- sessile, 6--17 mm, 2.5--5 mm wide, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, entire to weakly serrate. Inflorescence: flower cluster 1 per main stem, 12--20 mm wide; outer bracts +- leaf-like, lanceolate, acute to acuminate, hairy, rose-tinged. Flower: corolla 10--13 mm, rose.
Ecology: Mid-montane to subalpine forest, chaparral, rocky openings; Elevation: 1450--3300 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnGb, SnBr, SnJt. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep Note: Intergrades with Monardella australis subsp. cinerea, Monardella linoides subsp. erecta. Some plants in SnBr and SnJt with +- small leaves approach Monardella australis subsp. cinerea; more study needed.
Unabridged Synonyms: Monardella odoratissima subsp. australis (Abrams) Epling
eFlora Treatment Author: Andrew C. Sanders, Mark A. Elvin & Mark S. Brunell
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botanical illustration including Monardella australis subsp. australis


Citation for this treatment: Andrew C. Sanders, Mark A. Elvin & Mark S. Brunell 2017. Monardella australis subsp. australis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 27, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 27, 2017.

Geographic subdivisions for Monardella australis subsp. australis:
SnGb, SnBr, SnJt.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.