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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola langsdorffii Ging.
Habit: Perennial herb 2--30 cm, generally glabrous. Stem: ascending to erect, generally < 3, from a shallow, thin, fleshy rhizome. Leaf: simple; basal 2--3 per caudex, glabrous or hairs scattered along abaxial veins, petiole 0.8--21 cm, blade 0.9--5.8 cm, 1--6 cm wide, ovate to reniform, crenate to crenate-serrate, base cordate to truncate, tip rounded or acute to generally obtuse; cauline petiole 2.2--12.1 cm, blade 1.9--4.2 cm, 1.8--5.9 cm wide, +- like basal. Inflorescence: axillary; peduncle 2.2--20.7 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate to ovate, not ciliate; petals light to deep violet, lower 3 +- white basally, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 12--24 mm, spur 2--5 mm, conspicuous, as long as wide; style head glabrous [occasionally bearded]. Fruit: 7.5--13 mm, ovate to oblong, glabrous. Seed: 2.5--2.8 mm, dark olive to +- black. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: In bogs of coastal sand dunes and sandy, stabilized areas dominated by per species of Carex, Juncus; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: n NCo (Lake Earl, Del Norte Co.); Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Yukon Territory; Asia. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
Synonyms: Viola simulata M.S. Baker; Viola superba M.S. Baker
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory
Previous taxon: Viola howellii
Next taxon: Viola lobata
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola langsdorffii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=89179, accessed on October 22, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on October 22, 2016.