Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Pityopus californicus

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PityopusView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: pine foot, from habitat)

Pityopus californicus (Eastw.) H.F. Copel.
Habit: Perennial herb, non-green, fleshy; roots brittle. Stem: 0. Leaf: 0. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1, 1--10 cm, cream to +- yellow, emerging from ground erect, not persistent after seed dispersal, bracted; bractlets 0. Flower: sepals 4(5), free, lateral 2 often folded, clasping corolla, others flat against corolla; corolla cylindric, outside +- glabrous, inside densely hairy, petals 4(5), free, cream to +- yellow; stamens generally 8, anthers erect, horseshoe-shaped, dehiscing by 1 unified slit, unawned; nectary lobes 8--10, among stamen bases; ovary superior, chamber 1 or appearing > 1 by intrusion of parietal placentas, style < 5 mm, stigma < 5 mm wide, +- funnel-shaped, +- yellow, subtended by ring of hairs. Fruit: berry, < 1 cm. Seed: many, ovate.
Ecology: Mixed or conifer forest; Elevation: < 1800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO, s SNH, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to Washington. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Pityopus
Next taxon: Pleuricospora

Name Search
botanical illustration including Pityopus californicus


Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2016. Pityopus californicus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Pityopus californicus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
Pityopus californicus
click for enlargement
© 1981 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

More photos of Pityopus californicus in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Pityopus californicus:
NCo, KR, NCoRO, s SNH, CCo, SnFrB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.