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Ehrendorferia chrysantha

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PapaveraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to small tree; sap colorless, yellow, orange, red, or white. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, simple and entire, toothed, or lobed, or 1--3-pinnate-dissected or compound; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: terminal, 1-flowered or cyme, raceme, or panicle; bracts generally present. Flower: bisexual, radial, bilateral, or biradial; sepals 2--3, shed after flower; petals generally 2 × sepals in number; stamens generally many; ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0 or 1, stigmas or lobes 2--many, ovules few to many. Fruit: capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, +- nut, or breaking transversely into 1-seeded, indehiscent units. Seed: fleshy appendage generally 0.
Genera In Family: 25--30 genera, 200 species: northern temperate, northern tropics; some cultivated (Papaver, Eschscholzia, Hunnemannia), source of opiates. Note: Stylomecon moved to Papaver. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria in Fumariaceae in FNANM, elsewhere. Glaucium flavum Crantz is a waif. According to FNANM (3:300--301), Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (+- like Eschscholzia except sepals free) an occasional waif in California, but documentation evidently lacking. Fleshy appendage of seed sometimes for dispersal by ants.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan & Curtis Clark, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: EhrendorferiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, erect, glabrous, glaucous, taprooted; stem leafy, hollow; sap colorless. Leaf: basal and cauline, 2- to 3-pinnate-dissected, segments lobed. Inflorescence: panicle, 20--50 cm, 5--many-flowered, pedicel ascending to erect. Flower: biradial; sepals 2, shed after flower; petals 4, yellow or cream with purple tips, outer 2 free, lanceolate, alike, both pouched at base, not spurred, inner 2 adherent at tips, oblanceolate, crested on back; stamens 6, +- fused in 2 sets opposite outer petals. Fruit: erect, long-conic, dehiscent from tip. Seed: reniform; seed coat densely papillate.
Species In Genus: 2 species: North America. Etymology: (Friedrich Ehrendorfer, University of Vienna, b. 1927)
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan

Ehrendorferia chrysantha (Hook. & Arn.) Rylander
Habit: Plant 50--160 cm. Leaf: 2- to 3-pinnate-dissected, 15--30 cm. Inflorescence: many-flowered. Fruit: 15--25 mm.
Ecology: Dry slopes, burns, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, SN, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Toxicity: TOXIC to livestock, especially when abundant after burns. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep
Synonyms: Dicentra chrysantha (Hook. & Arn.) Walp.;
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan
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botanical illustration including Ehrendorferia chrysantha


Citation for this treatment: Gary L. Hannan 2012, Ehrendorferia chrysantha, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 16, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 16, 2018.

Ehrendorferia chrysantha
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© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
Ehrendorferia chrysantha
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© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
Ehrendorferia chrysantha
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© 2011 Dylan Neubauer
Ehrendorferia chrysantha
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© 2008 Thomas Stoughton
Ehrendorferia chrysantha
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© 2002 California Academy of Sciences
Ehrendorferia chrysantha
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© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Ehrendorferia chrysantha in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Ehrendorferia chrysantha:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.