Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Cissus antarctica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: VitaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Woody vine [shrub]; tendrils opposite leaves. Stem: generally lenticelled. Leaf: alternate, simple or compound, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 0 or 5; petals generally 5, free, reflexed, falling individually, or adherent at tips, +- erect, falling as unit, +- red or +- yellow; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries 0 or between stamens as +- free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(4), style 1 or 0, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: 1--6.
Genera In Family: 15 genera, +- 800 species: especially warm regions; some cultivated (Cissus, grape ivy; Parthenocissus, Virginia creeper; Vitis, grape).
eFlora Treatment Author: Eric B. Wada & M. Andrew Walker, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CissusView Description 

Common Name: TREEBINE
Stem: bark not peeling; stem center white, not partitioned at nodes; tendril tips generally without adhering disks. Leaf: simple [compound; leaflets 3--5], serrate [entire]. Inflorescence: cyme or panicle. Flower: calyx green, lobes shallow; petals free, green; nectaries raised above ovary. Seed: 1--4, obovoid.
Species In Genus: 350 species: temperate, tropics. Etymology: (Greek: ivy)

Cissus antarctica Venten.
Stem: tendrils unbranched. Leaf: tomentose in youth, generally glabrous in age. Flower: petals 4. Fruit: 8--15 mm, black. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Uncommon. Roadsides; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Australia, exotic worldwide. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Eric B. Wada & M. Andrew Walker
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Cissus
Next taxon: Parthenocissus

Name Search


Citation for this treatment: Eric B. Wada & M. Andrew Walker 2016. Cissus antarctica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Cissus antarctica:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.