Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Rubus armeniacus
HIMALAYAN BLACKBERRY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: RubusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Generally shrub; (dioecious). Stem: persisting 1--2 years, rooting at tips and/or nodes or not, erect or arched to mounded or prostrate, 5-angled or not, hairy or glabrous, glaucous or not, stalked glands present or not; bristles or prickles 0--many, prickles stout and wide-based or weak and slender, straight or curved. Leaf: simple, palmately lobed, to palmately compound, leaflets 3 or 5(11), toothed, abaxially +- glabrous to densely hairy; stipules thread-like to ovate or elliptic. Inflorescence: raceme- or panicle-like cyme, axillary or terminal; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: generally bisexual; hypanthium flat to saucer-shaped, bractlets 0; sepals persistent, reflexed to ascending, ovate or lance-ovate, hairy or glabrous, stalked or sessile glands present or not, tip pointed, prickly or not; petals widely obovate, spoon-shaped, or elliptic, white to +- pink or magenta; stamens generally >> 20, filaments thread- or strap-like; pistils 5--150, receptacle flat or convex to conical, spongy, generally elongated in fruit, ovaries superior, hairy or glabrous, styles long, slender or short, thick, glabrous or hairy; ovules 2, 1 maturing. Fruit: fleshy-coated achenes, aggregate of few to many, yellow, orange, red, or black, generally falling as unit, separating with (blackberry-type) or without (raspberry-type) receptacle attached.
Species In Genus: 400--750 species: worldwide except Antarctica, especially northern temperate. Etymology: (Latin: red; ancient name for bramble, blackberry)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lawrence A. Alice

Rubus armeniacus Focke
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant to 3 m, arched to mounded; prickles many, stout, wide-based, straight or curved. Stem: to 20(25) mm diam, 5-angled, finely hairy or generally glabrous, not glaucous, persisting 2 years, rooting at tips. Leaf: 1st-yr stem leaves compound, leaflets (3)5, terminal generally wide-elliptic to -obovate, unevenly coarse-double-toothed, tip abruptly pointed, abaxially densely white-tomentose; flower stem leaves simple or compound, leaflets 3(5); stipules <= 1 mm wide, thread-like to linear. Inflorescence: panicle-like cyme, terminal, flowers many. Flower: sepals hairy, nonglandular; petals 10--15 mm, obovate, white to pink; filaments thread-like; pistils > 30, styles long, slender, ovaries glabrous. Fruit: blackberry-type, black. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Common. Disturbed areas, roadsides; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia; western North America, eastern North America; native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees, misappl.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lawrence A. Alice
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

Previous taxon: Rubus
Next taxon: Rubus glaucifolius

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Lawrence A. Alice 2016. Rubus armeniacus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=87465, accessed on December 07, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 07, 2016.


Rubus armeniacus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Rubus armeniacus
click for enlargement
© 2010 George W. Hartwell
Rubus armeniacus
click for enlargement
© 2002 George W. Hartwell
Rubus armeniacus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Rubus armeniacus
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Rubus armeniacus
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Rubus armeniacus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Rubus armeniacus:
CA-FP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.