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Vascular Plants of California
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Crassula multicava subsp. multicava
FAIRY CRASSULA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: STONECROP FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CrassulaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous (hairy). Stem: erect to decumbent, branched or not. Leaf: opposite, 0.1--7 cm, linear to deltate or obovate, bases fused, +- sheathing; margins generally entire. Inflorescence: terminal panicle or flowers 1 in axils of leaves, either 2 per node, axillary, or 1 per node, terminal but appearing axillary by overtopping of main axis. Flower: erect, sepals 3--5, +- fused at base; petals 3--5, spreading or recurved, free or +- fused at base; stamens = sepals in number; pistils 3--5. Fruit: spreading to erect. Seed: 0.2--0.6 mm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong (spheric, reniform), generally with longitudinal lines, sometimes +- smooth or papillate, red-brown. Chromosomes: x=(7)8.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: especially Africa, annual +- worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: diminutive of thick) Note: Crassula argentea Thunb., a synonym of Crassula ovata (Mill.) Druce, a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd
Unabridged Reference: Moran 1992 Cactus and Succulent Journal 64:223--231
Crassula multicava Lem. subsp. multicava
WAIF
Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous. Stem: erect or decumbent, generally branched from base, 20--40 cm, 5--10 mm diam; rooting at nodes. Leaf: cauline, generally > 4 pairs; petiole 5--20 mm; blade 20--50(65) mm, ovate (oblong-ovate) to wide-elliptic, entire, green or yellow-green (+- purple abaxially), tip rounded or notched. Inflorescence: terminal +- panicle, rounded or elongate; pedicels 3--8 mm; plantlets in bract axils or not. Flower: parts in 4s(5s); sepals erect, 1--2 mm, wide-deltate, acute; petals spreading to recurved, 3--4 mm, narrow-deltate to lanceolate, acute, cream or white, abaxially generally tinged pink or +- red, especially tips. Fruit: erect, straight. Seed: 12--20, +- spheric, with rows of rounded papillae at 20×.
Ecology: Persisting from cultivation, sparingly naturalized in shaded, rocky places at wildland-urban interface; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Nov--Feb
Synonyms: Septimia multicava (Lem.) P.V. Heath
Jepson eFlora Author: Steve Boyd
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Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd 2012, Crassula multicava subsp. multicava, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=86387, accessed on October 23, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 23, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Crassula multicava subsp. multicava.



Geographic subdivisions for Crassula multicava subsp. multicava:
CCo
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.