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Papaver heterophyllum
WIND POPPY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PapaveraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: POPPY FAMILY
Habit: Annual to small tree; sap colorless, yellow, orange, red, or white. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, simple and entire, toothed, or lobed, or 1--3-pinnate-dissected or compound; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: terminal, 1-flowered or cyme, raceme, or panicle; bracts generally present. Flower: bisexual, radial, bilateral, or biradial; sepals 2--3, shed after flower; petals generally 2 × sepals in number; stamens generally many; ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0 or 1, stigmas or lobes 2--many, ovules few to many. Fruit: capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, +- nut, or breaking transversely into 1-seeded, indehiscent units. Seed: fleshy appendage generally 0.
Genera In Family: 25--30 genera, 200 species: northern temperate, northern tropics; some cultivated (Papaver, Eschscholzia, Hunnemannia), source of opiates. Note: Stylomecon moved to Papaver. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria in Fumariaceae in FNANM, elsewhere. Glaucium flavum Crantz is a waif. According to FNANM (3:300--301), Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (+- like Eschscholzia except sepals free) an occasional waif in California, but documentation evidently lacking. Fleshy appendage of seed sometimes for dispersal by ants.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan & Curtis Clark, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PapaverView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual [perennial herb]; sap white, orange, or red. Leaf: basal and cauline [or basal], deeply pinnate-lobed, glabrous or hairy, glaucous or not. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal, 1-flowered. Flower: bud nodding; sepals 2, shed at flower; petals generally 4, free, obovate to wedge-shaped, white to red or purple; stamens many, free; placentas 4--20, style 0(1), stigma disk- or head-like, lobes 4--20. Fruit: dehiscent by pores below stigma. Seed: many, < 0.7 mm, reniform, net-ridged, brown or black.
Species In Genus: 70+ species: especially Eurasia. Etymology: (Latin: poppy) Note: Papaver dubium L. (fruit +- oblong, glabrous; peduncle hairs near flower appressed, stiff), perhaps in California as waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan

Papaver heterophyllum (Benth.) Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 30--60 cm; sap yellow. Leaf: basal and cauline, 2--12 cm, deeply pinnate-lobed, glabrous to sparsely hairy, petioled; 1° lobes toothed or lobed. Inflorescence: axillary, 1-flowered; peduncle 5--20 cm. Flower: sepals 4--10 mm; petals 10--20 mm, wedge-shaped, orange-red, purple-spotted at base, shed after flower; filaments purple, anthers yellow; carpels 4--11, style 1, slender, stigma head-like, lobes 4--11. Fruit: 1--2 cm, obconic to obovate. Seed: many, 0.4 mm, reniform, rough-net-ridged, brown or black. Chromosomes: 2n=56.
Ecology: Grassy areas, openings in chaparral; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s NW, c&s SNF, SnJV, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--May
Synonyms: Stylomecon heterophylla (Benth.) G. Taylor
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan
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Previous taxon: Papaver californicum
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Citation for this treatment: Gary L. Hannan 2016. Papaver heterophyllum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=86377, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Papaver heterophyllum
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© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Papaver heterophyllum
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Papaver heterophyllum
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Papaver heterophyllum
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© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Papaver heterophyllum
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Papaver heterophyllum
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© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Papaver heterophyllum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Papaver heterophyllum:
s NW, c&s SNF, SnJV, CW, SW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.