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Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OnagraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2--7); petals 4(2--7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
Genera In Family: 22 genera, +- 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). Note: Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ChylismiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, occasionally perennial herb, from taproot. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, lanceolate to ovate, pinnately lobed with large terminal lobe (simple), margin dentate to entire, abaxial face and/or margin with +- conspicuous brown oil cells, long-petioled. Inflorescence: erect or nodding raceme. Flower: generally opening at dawn (occasionally at dusk); sepals 4, reflexed; petals 4, yellow or white (often fading orange-red) or lavender, generally fading red, if yellow generally strongly ultraviolet reflective, often with 1+ red spots near base, occasionally non-reflective near base or throughout; stamens (4)8, longer opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, filaments long-ciliate or glabrous, pollen grains 3-angled at 20×; stigma entire and spheric or rarely conic-peltate, generally > anthers and cross-pollinated or +- = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: straight to curved, not twisted or coiled, valves with obvious midrib, pedicelled. Seed: in 2 rows per chamber, lenticular to narrowly ovoid, with +- pronounced membranous margin when immature.
Species In Genus: 16 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: juice) Note: Incl in Camissonia in TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner
Reference: Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1--240
Unabridged Reference: Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161--396
Species: Chylismia brevipesView Description 

Habit: Annual, strigose or hairs spreading. Stem: 3--75 cm. Leaf: generally basal, simple to 1-pinnate; terminal leaflet < 65 mm, lateral leaflets generally < 10 mm or 0. Inflorescence: nodding. Flower: opening at dawn; hypanthium 3--8 mm; sepals 5--9 mm, tips in bud generally free and +- terminal; petals 3--18 mm, yellow, rarely bases red-dotted; stamens +- equal. Fruit: 18--92 mm, ascending to spreading, cylindric, straight or curved; pedicel 2--20 mm. Seed: 1--1.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=14.

Chylismia brevipes (A. Gray) Small subsp. brevipes
Habit: Hairs spreading. Flower: bud not reflexed; hypanthium 4--8 mm; petals 6--18 mm, not red-dotted, not fading red. Fruit: 20--92 mm; pedicel 5--20 mm.
Ecology: Sandy slopes, washes, alluvial fans, Joshua-tree woodland (moister areas than other subspecies); Elevation: -70--1800 m. Bioregional Distribution: D; Distribution Outside California: to southwestern Utah. Flowering Time: Mar--May Note: Intergrades with Chylismia brevipes subsp. pallidula; hybridizes with Chylismia claviformis, Chylismia munzii.
Synonyms: Camissonia brevipes (A. Gray) P.H. Raven subsp. brevipes;
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner
Reference: Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1--240
Unabridged Reference: Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161--396
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botanical illustration including Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes


Citation for this treatment: Warren L. Wagner 2012, Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 21, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 21, 2018.

Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes
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© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.