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    Vascular Plants of California
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Aloe ×schoenlandii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AsphodelaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy or not, rhizomed. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal or +- so or in terminal clusters, alternate, linear to widely lanceolate [ovate], small (1.5--27 cm, 0.5--3 mm wide) [to large (1.9--4 m, 3--6 cm wide)], leathery or not, fleshy or not, entire or with minute sharp teeth or coarse prickles. Inflorescence: panicle [spike, raceme], bracts scattered. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, radial or +- bilateral, free or +- fused; stamens 6, equal or not, anthers attached at base or middle; ovary superior, chambers 3. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 6--many, flat, angled, or winged, gray, brown, +- black, black-brown.
Genera In Family: +- 17 genera, 800 species: Africa, Mediterranean to central Asia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AloeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy, sap bitter. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal and cauline, reduced upward, simple, base clasping, margin with coarse prickles [entire]. Inflorescence: generally axillary, generally +- scapose, [spike] raceme or panicle with many raceme-like branches, bracted. Flower: generally nodding, odor 0; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, fused except near tip [+- to base]; stamens [3 or]6, unequal; ovary superior, chambers 3, style slender. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
Species In Genus: +- 300 species: Mediterranean Europe, southern Asia, especially Africa. Etymology: (Arabic name for these plants) Note: Aloe striatula Haw. may be naturalizing locally in SnFrB (Berkeley Hills).
Unabridged Reference: Reynolds 1950 Aloës of S Afr, Cape Times Ltd

Aloe ×schoenlandii Baker
Habit: Erect to decumbent in age. Stem: 0.5--9 dm, loosely clustered, branched. Leaf: 2--2.5 dm, 9--12 cm wide, triangular-ovate to lanceolate, pale green, white-spotted, glaucous. Inflorescence: branches 5--10, raceme-like, 25--90-flowered, 4--9 dm, dense. Flower: perianth 25--32 mm, 3--10 mm wide, +- constricted above ovary, red; stamens +- equal, 25--35 mm, anthers 3--5 mm. Fruit: 20--35 mm, 6--15 mm wide, oblong, brown. Seed: +- 5 mm, sterile.
Ecology: Coastal-sage scrub; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo (La Jolla, San Diego Co.); Distribution Outside California: widely naturalized; native to South Africa. Flowering Time: Apr Note: Sterile natural hybrid between Aloe maculata All. and Aloe striata Haw. of S. Africa, apparently planted in La Jolla in early 1900s, now well established, reproducing vegetatively.
Synonyms: Aloe saponaria (Aiton) Haw. × Aloe striata Haw.;
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Unabridged Reference: Reynolds 1950 Aloës of S Afr, Cape Times Ltd
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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Aloe ×schoenlandii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Aloe ×schoenlandii:
SCo (La Jolla, San Diego Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.