Jepson eFlora: Taxon page    
    Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Spergularia media var. media

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SpergulariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, erect to sprawling; taprooted. Leaf: thread-like to linear, vein 1; stipules 1--11 mm, lanceolate to widely triangular, scarious, +- entire or splitting +- at tip, white to tan. Inflorescence: terminal, open to dense; flowers few to many; pedicels 0.5--28+ mm. Flower: sepals 5, united in basal 1/5, 1.5--10 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 5, 0.6--9 mm, entire; stamens 2--10; styles 3, 0.3--1.9 mm. Fruit: capsule, ovoid; valves 3, spreading, tip recurved. Seed: few to many, dark brown, red-brown, or black, often winged.
Species In Genus: 60 species: western North America, western South America, Mediterranean. Etymology: (Latin: derivative of Spergula)
Reference: Hartman & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:16--23

Spergularia media (L.) C. Presl var. media
Habit: Annual or short-lived perennial herb, stout. Stem: lower main generally 1--4 mm diam. Leaf: clearly fleshy; axillary clusters generally 0; stipules 2.6--6 mm, inconspicuous, deltate, dull white, tip obtuse to +- acute. Inflorescence: simple or 1--2+ × compound, glabrous or sparsely glandular-hairy. Flower: sepals fused 0.3--1 mm, lobes 2.5--5 mm, in fruit < 7 mm; petals white; stamens 9--10; styles 0.5--1 mm. Fruit: (4.5)5.5--8 mm, 1.2--1.4 × calyx. Seed: 0.8--1.1 mm, dark brown, generally winged; surface +- smooth, not papillate. Chromosomes: 2n=18,36.
Ecology: Salt flats, salt marshes, sandy beaches; Elevation: < 2 m. Bioregional Distribution: n CCo (Marin, Contra Costa cos.), SCo (Riverside Co.); Distribution Outside California: Oregon, eastern North America; South America; native to coastal Europe, Asia, Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Summer--fall
Synonyms: Spergularia maritima (All.) Chiov.;
Unabridged Note: 4 other varieties, native to coastal Europe, Asia, Mediterranean, introduced widely. Although proposal to reject Spergularia media as a confused name was rejected, some still prefer the name Spergularia maritima (All.) Chiov.
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Hartman & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:16--23
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Spergularia marina
Next taxon: Spergularia platensis var. platensis

Name Search


Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Spergularia media var. media, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 10, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 10, 2018.

Spergularia media var. media
click for enlargement
© 2018 Vernon Smith
Spergularia media var. media
click for enlargement
© 2013 Vernon Smith
Spergularia media var. media
click for enlargement
© 2018 Vernon Smith

More photos of Spergularia media var. media in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Spergularia media var. media:
n CCo (Marin, Contra Costa cos.), SCo (Riverside Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.