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Agrostemma githago var. githago

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile.
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AgrostemmaView Description 

Common Name: CORN-COCKLE
Habit: Annual, erect, taprooted. Leaf: blade linear to narrowly lanceolate; vein 1 or lateral pair faint. Inflorescence: terminal; flowers 1--few; peduncles, pedicels 4--20+ cm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, hairs long, ascending, appressed, tube prominent, 12--17 mm, 7--12 mm diam, ovoid to widely cylindric, round in ×-section, strongly 10-ribbed, lobes generally 12--50 mm, > tube, linear; petals 5, 24--40 mm, claw long, limb entire or notched; styles 5, 10--12 mm. Fruit: capsule, ovoid; teeth 5, ascending. Seed: many, black.
Species In Genus: 2 species: Mediterranean Europe. Etymology: (Greek: field garland)

Agrostemma githago L. var. githago
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant 30--90+ cm; hairs dense, long, silky, +- appressed. Stem: simple or sparingly branched above. Leaf: 5--15 cm. Inflorescence: leafy. Flower: sepals green; petals exserted 10--20 mm, obovate, rounded to truncate, purple-red; stamens exserted 8--10 mm. Seed: 3--3.5 mm, widely ovate; tubercles thin, triangular. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, n SN, ScV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Montana, eastern North America; native to southern Europe. Flowering Time: Spring--summer Note: Evidently eradicated from grain fields.
Unabridged Note: 2 other varieties, native to Eurasia, introduced in South America, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2016. Agrostemma githago var. githago, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=82139, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 03, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Agrostemma githago var. githago:
NCoRI, n SN, ScV, SnFrB, SCo;
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.