Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Pancratium maritimum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PancratiumView Description 

Habit: Bulb very deep, 4--8 cm, tapered to a long neck. Stem: 40--50+ cm, compressed. Leaf: +- = stem, 20--30 mm wide. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 3--14-flowered; bracts 2, 4--7 cm; pedicels 5--10 mm. Flower: very fragrant, perianth parts 3--5 cm, lance-linear, white, tube 1.5--10 cm, slender; crown a conspicuous tube with 12 triangular teeth; stamens fused to, exserted from crown, alternate crown teeth; stigma obscurely 3-lobed. Fruit: loculicidal capsule. Seed: 12--40, black.
Species In Genus: 15 species: southern Europe to tropical Africa. Etymology: (Greek: athletic contest)

Pancratium maritimum L.
Habit: Stem, leaf glaucous. Flower: crown >= perianth parts; anthers <= filaments. Fruit: +- spheric, obscurely triangular in ×-section.
Ecology: Coastal dunes; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo (El Segundo Dunes, just w of Los Angeles International Airport, site of former subdivision); Distribution Outside California: southern Europe. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Pancratium
Next taxon: Aponogetonaceae

Name Search


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2016. Pancratium maritimum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Pancratium maritimum:
SCo (El Segundo Dunes, just w of Los Angeles International Airport, site of former subdivision);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.