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    Vascular Plants of California
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Pancratium maritimum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PancratiumView Description 

Habit: Bulb very deep, 4--8 cm, tapered to a long neck. Stem: 40--50+ cm, compressed. Leaf: +- = stem, 20--30 mm wide. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 3--14-flowered; bracts 2, 4--7 cm; pedicels 5--10 mm. Flower: very fragrant, perianth parts 3--5 cm, lance-linear, white, tube 1.5--10 cm, slender; crown a conspicuous tube with 12 triangular teeth; stamens fused to, exserted from crown, alternate crown teeth; stigma obscurely 3-lobed. Fruit: loculicidal capsule. Seed: 12--40, black.
Species In Genus: 15 species: southern Europe to tropical Africa. Etymology: (Greek: athletic contest)

Pancratium maritimum L.
Habit: Stem, leaf glaucous. Flower: crown >= perianth parts; anthers <= filaments. Fruit: +- spheric, obscurely triangular in ×-section.
Ecology: Coastal dunes; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo (El Segundo Dunes, just w of Los Angeles International Airport, site of former subdivision); Distribution Outside California: southern Europe. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Pancratium maritimum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 19, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 19, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Pancratium maritimum:
SCo (El Segundo Dunes, just w of Los Angeles International Airport, site of former subdivision);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.