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Zeltnera exaltata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GentianaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal +- petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, +- persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1--2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). Note: Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin.
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ZeltneraView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CENTAURY
Habit: Annual, glabrous. Stem: erect, generally branched. Leaf: cauline, opposite (sometimes also basal). Inflorescence: cyme. Flower: parts in 4s or generally 5s; calyx lobes >> tube (discounting thin membrane between lobes in Zeltnera davyi), appressed to corolla tube, generally not keeled; corolla salverform, white or generally pink, lobes <= tube, +- entire, scales 0, nectaries pits 0 (nectaries elsewhere 0); stamens often initially curved to 1 side, dehisced anthers spirally twisted; ovary sessile, style generally thread-like, deciduous, entire or cleft < 1 mm, stigmas 1, 2-lobed, or 2, stigmas or lobes wedge- to fan-shaped.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: temperate, dry-mesic tropics, North America, South America. Etymology: (L. Zeltner, N. Zeltner, Swiss botanists, b. 1938, 1934) Note: Variable, difficult; further study needed, especially of chromosome numbers, hybridization. Zeltnera calycosa (Buckley) G. Mans. [Centaurium calycosum (Buckley) Fernald] not in California.

Zeltnera exaltata (Griseb.) G. Mans.
Habit: Plant (3)10--60 cm. Leaf: all +- alike, 10--30(50) mm, oblong-elliptic to linear; basal often rosetted. Inflorescence: open; pedicels generally 10--70 mm. Flower: parts generally in 4s; corolla 9--20 mm, lobes 2.5--7 mm, lance-oblong, tip subacute; stigmas 2. Chromosomes: 2n=40, 74.
Ecology: Moist, generally alkaline scrub; Elevation: 900--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaR, SCoR, SnGb, PR, GB, w edge DSon; Distribution Outside California: to southern British Columbia, New Brunswick, Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Plants in SCoR, SW, Baja California disjunct, with smaller flowers, pollen grains, needing taxonomic re-evaluation.
Synonyms: Centaurium exaltatum (Griseb.) Piper
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle
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Citation for this treatment: James S. Pringle 2017. Zeltnera exaltata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 19, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 19, 2017.

Zeltnera exaltata
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Zeltnera exaltata
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Zeltnera exaltata
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Zeltnera exaltata
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Zeltnera exaltata
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Zeltnera exaltata
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© 2006 Larry Blakely

More photos of Zeltnera exaltata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Zeltnera exaltata:
CaR, SCoR, SnGb, PR, GB, w edge DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.