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Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile.
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: EremogoneView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SANDWORT
Habit: Perennial herb, prostrate (non-flowering stems) or ascending to erect to mat-forming, taprooted. Leaf: needle-like to narrowly linear; vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal, open to head- or umbel-like; flowers 1--many; peduncles, pedicels 0--55 mm. Flower: hypanthium present; sepals 5, +- free, 3--7.2 mm, lance-linear to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 5, 2--18 mm, entire or +- notched; stamens on hypanthium; ovary +- superior, styles 3, 2.5--3 mm. Fruit: capsule, ovoid to urn-shaped; teeth 6, ascending to recurved. Seed: 1--9, +- gray, dark brown, red-brown, yellow-tan, black-purple, or +- black.
Species In Genus: 90 species: northern temperate, especially western North America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Greek: solitary or deserted + seed, allusion uncertain) Note: Based in part on molecular evidence (Harbaugh et al. 2010 Intl J Plant Sci 171:185--198), 2 subgenera of Arenaria treated here as Eremogone.
Species: Eremogone macradeniaView Description 

Common Name: MOJAVE or DESERT SANDWORT
Habit: Perennial herb, tufted, green. Stem: 20--40 cm, rounded, +- dull, glandular-hairy or not. Leaf: 20--60 mm, 0.5--2 mm wide, blunt to sharp-pointed, vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal, generally open; flowers several to many; pedicels 3--55 mm. Flower: sepals 4.5--7.2 mm, in fruit < 8 mm, acute to acuminate; petals 6--11 mm; nectaries rectangular, 2-lobed or truncate, 0.7--1.5 mm. Fruit: 6--7 mm. Seed: 4--9, 1.8--2.7 mm, +- spheric to ovate, compressed, red-brown to +- black; tubercles low, rounded to conic.


Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia (Maguire) R.L. Hartm. & Rabeler
NATIVE
Leaf: downcurved, 0.8--2 mm wide. Inflorescence: branches (and sepals) +- glabrous to densely glandular-hairy. Flower: sepals 4.5--7 mm, in fruit < 8 mm.
Ecology: Dry, often gravelly (decomposing granite) canyon slopes, dry yellow-pine and oak forests, ridges, summits; Elevation: 650--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SN, WTR, SnGb. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul Note: Based on recent collections, Eremogone macradenia var. kuschei (Eastw.) R.L. Hartm. & Rabeler, recognized by densely glandular-hairy inflorescence and sepals, intergrades completely with Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia, previously considered largely glabrous (Ross & Boyd 1996 Crossosoma 22: 65--71).
Synonyms: Arenaria macradenia S. Watson var. arcuifolia Maguire; Arenaria macradenia var. kuschei (Eastw.) Maguire
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
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botanical illustration including Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2016. Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=81556, accessed on September 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on September 27, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia:
s SN, WTR, SnGb.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.