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Vascular Plants of California
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Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: HerniariaView Description 

Common Name: RUPTUREWORT
Habit: Annual, +- prostrate, taprooted. Leaf: opposite below, alternate above, oblanceolate to obovate; vein 0--1; stipules 0.4--1 mm, ovate to deltate, scarious, ciliate, white. Inflorescence: axillary; flowers 3--10, dense, +- sessile. Flower: hypanthium cup-like, not abruptly expanded above; sepals 5, 0.6--1.2 mm, free, lanceolate to oblong, hairy, margin entire, not scarious; petals 0; stamens 2--5, staminodes 4--5, +- 0.5 mm, +- thread-like, on hypanthium rim; styles 2, or 2-branched, 0.1--0.4 mm, united in lower 1/3. Fruit: utricle, obovoid. Seed: 1, dark red-brown.
Species In Genus: 45 species: South America, Europe, southern Asia, Africa. Etymology: (Latin: rupture, 1 sp. being a supposed cure)
Reference: Thieret et al. 2005 FNANM 5:43--45
Unabridged Reference: Akeroyd 1993 Fl. Europaea ed. 2, 1:182--184
Species: Herniaria hirsutaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Hairs dense, short, +- straight (except sometimes at tip), spreading. Stem: generally 4--20 cm. Leaf: stipules 0.5--1.3 mm; blade 3--12 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 3--8. Flower: sepals in fruit +- equal or not; stamens 2--5; styles 2 or 2-branched. Fruit: minutely papillate. Seed: +- compressed, smooth; margin with prominent rim.

Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea (DC.) Loret & Barrandon
NATURALIZED
Stem: generally 5--20 cm. Inflorescence: flowers 3--8. Flower: +- 1.2--1.8 mm; styles 2, 0.2--0.4 mm. Seed: 0.5--0.6 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, alkaline hills, clay flats; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, SnJV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Arizona, Maryland; native to southern Europe, northern Africa, southwestern Asia. Flowering Time: Spring--fall
Synonyms: Herniaria cinerea DC.; Herniaria hirsuta subsp. cinerea (DC.) Cout.; Paronychia pusilla Greene
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Thieret et al. 2005 FNANM 5:43--45
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Botanical illustration including Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea

botanical illustration including Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=81545, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
click for enlargement
© 2003 Keir Morse
Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
click for enlargement
© 2003 Keir Morse
Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea:
s SNF, Teh, SnJV, SnFrB, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.