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Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: HerniariaView Description 

Habit: Annual, +- prostrate, taprooted. Leaf: opposite below, alternate above, oblanceolate to obovate; vein 0--1; stipules 0.4--1 mm, ovate to deltate, scarious, ciliate, white. Inflorescence: axillary; flowers 3--10, dense, +- sessile. Flower: hypanthium cup-like, not abruptly expanded above; sepals 5, 0.6--1.2 mm, free, lanceolate to oblong, hairy, margin entire, not scarious; petals 0; stamens 2--5, staminodes 4--5, +- 0.5 mm, +- thread-like, on hypanthium rim; styles 2, or 2-branched, 0.1--0.4 mm, united in lower 1/3. Fruit: utricle, obovoid. Seed: 1, dark red-brown.
Species In Genus: 45 species: South America, Europe, southern Asia, Africa. Etymology: (Latin: rupture, 1 sp. being a supposed cure)
Reference: Thieret et al. 2005 FNANM 5:43--45
Unabridged Reference: Akeroyd 1993 Fl. Europaea ed. 2, 1:182--184
Species: Herniaria hirsutaView Description 

Habit: Hairs dense, short, +- straight (except sometimes at tip), spreading. Stem: generally 4--20 cm. Leaf: stipules 0.5--1.3 mm; blade 3--12 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 3--8. Flower: sepals in fruit +- equal or not; stamens 2--5; styles 2 or 2-branched. Fruit: minutely papillate. Seed: +- compressed, smooth; margin with prominent rim.

Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea (DC.) Loret & Barrandon
Stem: generally 5--20 cm. Inflorescence: flowers 3--8. Flower: +- 1.2--1.8 mm; styles 2, 0.2--0.4 mm. Seed: 0.5--0.6 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, alkaline hills, clay flats; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, SnJV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Arizona, Maryland; native to southern Europe, northern Africa, southwestern Asia. Flowering Time: Spring--fall
Synonyms: Herniaria cinerea DC.; Herniaria hirsuta subsp. cinerea (DC.) Cout.; Paronychia pusilla Greene;
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Thieret et al. 2005 FNANM 5:43--45
Unabridged Reference: Akeroyd 1993 Fl. Europaea ed. 2, 1:182--184
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botanical illustration including Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea


Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 19, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 19, 2018.

Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
click for enlargement
© 2003 Keir Morse
Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
click for enlargement
© 2003 Keir Morse
Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea:
s SNF, Teh, SnJV, SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.