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    Vascular Plants of California
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Syagrus romanzoffiana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Arecaceae (Palmae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PALM FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub, shrub], tree, evergreen; dioecious (monoecious), or flowers bisexual. Stem: erect [subterranean, creeping, climbing], slender to massive, smooth or covered with fibrous or prickly remains of leaf bases. Leaf: palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown; base sheathing; petiole generally long; blade including leaflets folded lengthwise. Inflorescence: panicle (spike), axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1+ large bracts; flowers many, generally +- sessile. Flower: generally small, +- radial; sepals, petals each generally 3, similar or not, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1, compound, or 3, simple, ovaries superior, if 1, generally 3-chambered, styles free or fused. Fruit: generally a drupe, fleshy or dry. Seed: generally 1.
Genera In Family: 1914 genera, 2500 species: tropics, subtropics. Note: Cult worldwide for food, ornamental, building material.
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SyagrusView Description 

Habit: Monoecious. Stem: 1, smooth, with conspicuous nodal rings. Leaf: pinnately compound; petiole generally unarmed, bases not persistent on trunk; leaflet margins folded downward. Inflorescence: within crown, < leaves; flowers borne in 3s with 1 pistillate flower flanked by 2 staminate, also staminate flowers borne singly at distal end of inflorescence. Staminate Flower: sepals fused; petals free. Pistillate Flower: sepals free; petals free; pistil 1. Fruit: drupe, generally fleshy, oily, +- orange.
Species In Genus: 32 species: North America, West Indies, South America. Etymology: (Unknown, name used by Pliny for a kind of palm)
Reference: Henderson et al. 1995 Field Guide Palms Americas. Princeton Univ Press; Zona 2000 FNANM 22:120--121

Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman
Leaf: generally 5 m.
Ecology: Near irrigation, possibly streams; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: Florida; native to South America. Flowering Time: All year
Jepson eFlora Author: Scott Simono
Reference: Henderson et al. 1995 Field Guide Palms Americas. Princeton Univ Press; Zona 2000 FNANM 22:120--121
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Citation for this treatment: Scott Simono 2012, Syagrus romanzoffiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 10, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 10, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Syagrus romanzoffiana:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.