Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Syagrus romanzoffiana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Arecaceae (Palmae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PALM FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub, shrub], tree, evergreen; dioecious (monoecious), or flowers bisexual. Stem: erect [subterranean, creeping, climbing], slender to massive, smooth or covered with fibrous or prickly remains of leaf bases. Leaf: palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown; base sheathing; petiole generally long; blade including leaflets folded lengthwise. Inflorescence: panicle (spike), axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1+ large bracts; flowers many, generally +- sessile. Flower: generally small, +- radial; sepals, petals each generally 3, similar or not, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1, compound, or 3, simple, ovaries superior, if 1, generally 3-chambered, styles free or fused. Fruit: generally a drupe, fleshy or dry. Seed: generally 1.
Genera In Family: 1914 genera, 2500 species: tropics, subtropics. Note: Cult worldwide for food, ornamental, building material.
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SyagrusView Description 

Habit: Monoecious. Stem: 1, smooth, with conspicuous nodal rings. Leaf: pinnately compound; petiole generally unarmed, bases not persistent on trunk; leaflet margins folded downward. Inflorescence: within crown, < leaves; flowers borne in 3s with 1 pistillate flower flanked by 2 staminate, also staminate flowers borne singly at distal end of inflorescence. Staminate Flower: sepals fused; petals free. Pistillate Flower: sepals free; petals free; pistil 1. Fruit: drupe, generally fleshy, oily, +- orange.
Species In Genus: 32 species: North America, West Indies, South America. Etymology: (Unknown, name used by Pliny for a kind of palm)

Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman
Leaf: generally 5 m.
Ecology: Near irrigation, possibly streams; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: Florida; native to South America. Flowering Time: All year
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
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Citation for this treatment: Scott Simono 2016. Syagrus romanzoffiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Syagrus romanzoffiana:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.