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    Vascular Plants of California
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Hedera canariensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AraliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, woody vine; juvenile, flower plants generally unlike. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple or compound, generally alternate; stipules +- fused to +- sheathing, petiole base or 0. Inflorescence: umbels 1 to panicled; bracts deciduous or not. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, generally < 5 mm; sepals generally 5, fused at base, inconspicuous, persistent; petals generally 5, free, +- white to green, deciduous; stamens generally 5, generally alternate petals; ovary inferior, chambers 1--15, 1-ovuled, styles as many as chambers, free or fused, persistent. Fruit: berry or drupe, occasionally flat, dry.
Genera In Family: 47 genera, 1350 species: especially tropics, subtropics medicinal (e.g., Panax, ginseng; Aralia, sarsaparilla), ornamental (e.g., Aralia, Fatsia, Hedera, Polyscias).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: HederaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: IVY
Habit: Woody vine; hairs stellate. Stem: juvenile stems climbing by aerial roots; flowering stems fewer, nonclimbing. Leaf: simple, evergreen; generally lobed on juvenile stems; +- entire on flowering stems; stipules 0. Fruit: berry, black [to yellow].
Species In Genus: +- 13 species: Europe, northern Africa, Asia. Etymology: (Latin: sacred plant of Bacchus, god of wine)
Reference: Ackerfield & Wen 2003 Int J Pl Sci 163:593--602

Hedera canariensis Willd.
Leaf: on flowering stems < 15 cm, broadly ovate, cordate; petiole, abaxially hairy to +- glabrous. Fruit: +- 5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Woodland, chaparral, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 916 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, SnFrB, SW (exc SnJt); Distribution Outside California: widely cultivated, native to Macaronesia, northern Africa. Flowering Time: Aug--Nov
Unabridged Synonyms: Hedera helix L. subsp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
Reference: Ackerfield & Wen 2003 Int J Pl Sci 163:593--602
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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock 2012, Hedera canariensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 18, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 18, 2018.

Hedera canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
Hedera canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2001 Tony Morosco
Hedera canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2001 Tony Morosco
Hedera canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2001 Tony Morosco

More photos of Hedera canariensis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Hedera canariensis:
NCo, SnFrB, SW (exc SnJt);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.