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    Vascular Plants of California
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Cordyline australis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LaxmanniaceaeView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, +- palm- or tree-like, trunks [0]1--several. Stem: [0] tall, slender, woody [or not], with obvious leaf scars. Leaf: [basal] cauline, alternate, generally crowded near stem tip, sessile or +- narrowed basally, +- clasping. Inflorescence: terminal [axillary], panicles [(racemes), umbels, large cymes, or flowers 1], sessile or +- so. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, fused at base; stamens 6, equal [unequal], anthers attached at middle [base]; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style 1, stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: berry [loculicidal or indehiscent capsule].
Genera In Family: 14--15 genera, 178 species: Australia, Asia, South America. Etymology: (Laxmannia, the type genus, possibly named for Erik Laxman, 18th century Finnish clergyman, biologist, and traveler in Siberia)
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CordylineView Description 

Stem: trunks increasing in diam in age. Leaf: long-lived, crowded in tufts of 200+ distally, 30--100 cm, long-linear to narrow-elliptic, narrowed just above base but not petioled. Inflorescence: terminal (but soon made lateral by dominance of axillary shoot), erect or drooping; bracts 3, > panicle, flowers +- sessile, subtended by 3 scale-like bractlets. Flower: small, radial, +- white, perianth tube short; stamens 6, fused to perianth base; ovules several to many. Fruit: dry in age. Seed: black.
Species In Genus: +- 15 species: Australasia to New Zealand. Etymology: (Greek: club, from thickened fleshy roots)

Cordyline australis (G. Forst.) Endl.
Stem: 1--2[5--15] m. Leaf: 80--100 cm, 2.5--5 cm wide, acute to acuminate, +- flat, stiff. Flower: 6--10 mm wide, fragrant. Fruit: white. Chromosomes: n=19.
Ecology: Disturbed and/or formerly cultivated areas; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, PR; Distribution Outside California: New Zealand. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Unabridged Note: A population of several thousand plants reported at Salt Point State Park, Sonoma Co., but they have not flowered so identification unconfirmed. Author citation uncertain.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Cordyline australis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 23, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 23, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Cordyline australis:
NCo, CCo, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.