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Vascular Plants of California
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Atriplex amnicola
SWAMP SALTBUSH


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AtriplexView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: SALTBUSH, ORACH
Habit: Generally monoecious annual, to generally dioecious shrub, generally scaly. Leaf: generally alternate, distal +- reduced; blade entire to variously dentate; anatomy Kranz or non-Kranz (see note). Inflorescence: axillary or terminal. Staminate Inflorescence: spheric cluster to spike-like or panicle; bracts 0. Pistillate Inflorescence: cluster to spike- or panicle-like, occasionally 1; bracts 2 per fruit, enlarged in age, free to variously fused, generally compressed, generally sessile, falling with fruit (or not). Staminate Flower: calyx lobes 3--5; stamens 3--5. Pistillate Flower: calyx generally +- 0; stigmas 2. Seed: generally erect.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: temperate to subtropics worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: name derived from Greek) Note: Generally in alkaline or saline soils; some weedy; some accumulate selenium. Bract descriptions refer to 2 bracts surrounding flower, enlarging in fruit. Australian Atriplex crassipes J.M. Black possibly in SCo. In this revised taxonomy, Atriplex californica, Atriplex joaquinana moved to Extriplex, Atriplex covillei to Stutzia, both new genera [Zacharias & Baldwin 2010 Syst Bot 35(4):839--857]. Kranz anatomy (observable at 10 ×, sometimes only after scraping off scaly, mealy, or powdery layer) characterized by veins that are darker green than rest of leaf, due to higher concentrations of chloroplasts in bundle-sheath cells surrounding veins.
eFlora Treatment Author: Elizabeth H. Zacharias
Reference: Welsh 2003 FNANM 4:322--381
Atriplex amnicola Paul G. Wilson
NATURALIZED
Habit: Shrub < 15 dm; branches many, spreading; monoecious. Leaf: petiole short; blade 10--30 mm, narrowly elliptic to ovate, entire to irregularly dentate, base tapered to lobed; Kranz. Staminate Inflorescence: clusters in terminal spikes. Pistillate Inflorescence: axillary clusters, short terminal spikes; bracts in fruit 4--6 mm, ovate to fan-shaped, fused proximally to distally, both sides convex, entire to irregularly dentate, smooth.
Ecology: Urban drainages, beaches; Elevation: < 15 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Australia. Flowering Time: Feb--Oct
Unabridged Note: Dioecious in Australia.
Jepson eFlora Author: Elizabeth H. Zacharias
Reference: Welsh 2003 FNANM 4:322--381
Jepson Online Interchange
Noxious Weed listed by CDFA
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

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Citation for this treatment: Elizabeth H. Zacharias 2013, Atriplex amnicola, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 1, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=80696, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 21, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Atriplex amnicola.



Geographic subdivisions for Atriplex amnicola:
SCo
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map of distribution 1
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.