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Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: RhodiolaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb from short, scaly caudex, glabrous [hairy]; dioecious or not. Leaf: cauline, sessile, alternate, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: generally hemispheric, generally dense. Flower: +- unisexual; sepals, petals 4--5[6], not circumscissile in fruit; sepals fused at base; petals +- free; stamens 2 × sepals in number, epipetalous; pistils 4--5(6), free or fused below. Fruit: erect. Seed: many, < 3 mm, +- fusiform, brown, striate.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: generally montane to arctic; N temperate, especially Asia. Etymology: (Greek: rose, for scent of roots)

Rhodiola integrifolia Raf. subsp. integrifolia
Habit: Plant (2)3--15(50) cm; caudex short, thick, fleshy, branched. Leaf: 5--30(50) mm, 2--15(20) mm wide, oblanceolate to obovate or elliptic, entire or toothed, tip acute to obtuse, generally green, +- glaucous or not. Inflorescence: +- 1--3 cm, 7--50-flowered, dense. Flower: most or all unisexual; sepals, petals 4(5); sepals 1.5--3 mm, lanceolate to ovate; petals free, 2--4 mm, dark red to deep red-purple (narrowly spoon-shaped, > sepals, +- spreading in staminate, to linear or awl-like, <= sepals, erect in pistillate); anthers light brown to red-purple. Fruit: 3--6(10) mm. Seed: 1.4--2 mm. Chromosomes: n=18.
Ecology: Cliffs, talus, alpine ridges, margins of meadows, streams; Elevation: 1800--4000 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, SNH, Wrn, W&I; Distribution Outside California: western North America. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Synonyms: Sedum rosea (L.) Scop. subsp. integrifolium (Raf.) Hultén; Sedum roseum subsp. integrifolium, orth. var.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd
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botanical illustration including Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia


Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd 2016. Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia
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© 2011 Aaron E. Sims
Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia
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© 2008 Gary A. Monroe
Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia
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© 2013 Gary A. Monroe
Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe
Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2014 Barry Breckling

More photos of Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Rhodiola integrifolia subsp. integrifolia:
KR, SNH, Wrn, W&I;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.