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Vascular Plants of California
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Anemone grayi

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AnemoneView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ANEMONE
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex, rhizome, or tuber. Leaf: basal, generally many, simple to compound, generally petioled; blade or leaflets lobed to dissected or not, margins entire or toothed; in flower or fruit withered or not. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or 2--7[9] in cymes; peduncle erect; pedicel elongated in fruit; involucre bracts sessile or stalked, generally in 1--2 whorls of 2--5[9], simple to compound, +- like leaves or leaflets in size, shape. Flower: receptacle elongated in fruit; sepals 5--10[27], petal-like; petals generally 0; stamens 10--200; pistils many, styles persistent as beaks. Fruit: achene.
Species In Genus: +- 150 species: arctic, temperate worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: flower shaken by wind) Note: Species with long, plumose styles sometimes placed in Pulsatilla.
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Reference: Dutton et al. 1997 FNANM 3:139--155
Unabridged Reference: Hoot et al. 1994 Syst Bot 19:169--200
Anemone grayi Behr & Kellogg
Habit: Plant (3)10--30(40) cm; rhizome spreading (ascending). Leaf: generally 0(1); petiole (1.5)2.5--20(25) cm; leaflets +- like involucre bracts in size, shape. Inflorescence: flower 1; peduncle proximally glabrous, distally soft-shaggy- to fine-hairy; involucre bracts in 1 whorl of 3, 1-ternate; terminal leaflet-like unit diamond-shaped to ovate or oblanceolate, finely soft-hairy to +- glabrous, margins crenate or occasionally coarsely serrate on distal 1/2--2/3. Flower: sepals 5--6, 7--15 mm, 4--8 mm wide, generally elliptic to obovate, white or blue, glabrous; stamens 25--40. Fruit: body 3--4 mm, elliptic, flat, finely-puberulent to soft-shaggy-hairy; pedicel (0.5)3--10 cm; beak 0.6--1 mm, curved, glabrous; aggregate +- spheric. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Moist shaded slopes, redwood and mixed-evergreen forests; Elevation: 100--900 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, SnFrB, n SCoRO; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Feb--Jun Note: Rhizomes generally knobby as compared to Anemone lyallii, Anemone oregana; hybrids occur in populations where these 3 species overlap.
Synonyms: Anemone quinquefolia L. var. grayi (Behr & Kellogg) Jeps.; Anemone quinquefolia var. minor (Eastw.) Munz;
Jepson eFlora Author: Scott Simono
Reference: Dutton et al. 1997 FNANM 3:139--155
Unabridged Reference: Hoot et al. 1994 Syst Bot 19:169--200
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Citation for this treatment: Scott Simono 2012, Anemone grayi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 13, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 13, 2018.

Anemone grayi
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© 2015 Vernon Smith

More photos of Anemone grayi in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Anemone grayi:
KR, NCoR, SnFrB, n SCoRO;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.