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California macrophylla
ROUND-LEAVED FILAREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GERANIUM FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CaliforniaView Description 

Common Name: CALIFORNIA FILAREE

Species In Genus: 1 sp.: California. Etymology: (Named for the California Floristic Province) Note: Segregated from Erodium on morphological, molecular data.
eFlora Treatment Author: Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro

California macrophylla (Hook. & Arn.) J.J. Aldasoro, C. Navarro, P. Vargas, L. Sáez & C. Aedo
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, biennial, generally scapose. Stem: < 5 cm, glandular-puberulent. Leaf: simple, 10--15 cm, cauline opposite; blade << petiole, reniform, cordate, or ovate, crenate to shallowly +- palmately lobed, puberulent. Inflorescence: umbel. Flower: radial; sepals 8--10 mm, tips glabrous to puberulent; petals > sepals, generally white, tinged red to purple; stamens 5, free, staminodes 0. Fruit: mericarp body 8--10 mm, indehiscent, fusiform, 1-seeded, glandular-puberulent, base sharply pointed, top truncate, generally with 1 +- round pit on each side of beak segment, pits not subtended by ridges; style column 3--5 cm, persistent on fruit; beak segments stiffly hairy adaxially, generally twisted. Chromosomes: 2n=64.
Ecology: Open sites, grassland, scrub, vertic clay, occasionally serpentine; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, s SNF, GV, CW, SCo, ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), WTR, PR; Distribution Outside California: to northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Erodium macrophyllum Hook. & Arn.; Erodium macrophyllum Hook. & Arn. var. californicum (Greene) Jeps.
eFlora Treatment Author: Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: California
Next taxon: Erodium

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botanical illustration including California macrophylla

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Citation for this treatment: Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro 2016. California macrophylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80427, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


California macrophylla
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© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
California macrophylla
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© 2009 Barry Rice
California macrophylla
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© 2009 Barry Rice
California macrophylla
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
California macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
California macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of California macrophylla in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for California macrophylla:
NCoRI, s SNF, GV, CW, SCo, ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), WTR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.