Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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California macrophylla
ROUND-LEAVED FILAREE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GERANIUM FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CaliforniaView Description 


Common Name: CALIFORNIA FILAREE

Species In Genus: 1 sp.: California. Etymology: (Named for the California Floristic Province) Note: Segregated from Erodium on morphological, molecular data.
eFlora Treatment Author: Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro
Reference: Aldasoro et al. 2002 Anales Jard Bot Madrid 59:209--216
California macrophylla (Hook. & Arn.) J.J. Aldasoro, C. Navarro, P. Vargas, L. Sáez & C. Aedo
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, biennial, generally scapose. Stem: < 5 cm, glandular-puberulent. Leaf: simple, 10--15 cm, cauline opposite; blade << petiole, reniform, cordate, or ovate, crenate to shallowly +- palmately lobed, puberulent. Inflorescence: umbel. Flower: radial; sepals 8--10 mm, tips glabrous to puberulent; petals > sepals, generally white, tinged red to purple; stamens 5, free, staminodes 0. Fruit: mericarp body 8--10 mm, indehiscent, fusiform, 1-seeded, glandular-puberulent, base sharply pointed, top truncate, generally with 1 +- round pit on each side of beak segment, pits not subtended by ridges; style column 3--5 cm, persistent on fruit; beak segments stiffly hairy adaxially, generally twisted. Chromosomes: 2n=64.
Ecology: Open sites, grassland, scrub, vertic clay, occasionally serpentine; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, s SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SCo, ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), WTR, PR; Distribution Outside California: to northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Erodium macrophyllum Hook. & Arn.; Erodium macrophyllum Hook. & Arn. var. californicum (Greene) Jeps.
Jepson eFlora Author: Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro
Reference: Aldasoro et al. 2002 Anales Jard Bot Madrid 59:209--216
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: California
Next taxon: Erodium

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Botanical illustration including California macrophylla

botanical illustration including California macrophylla

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Citation for this treatment: Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro 2012, California macrophylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=80427, accessed on December 05, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 05, 2019.

California macrophylla
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
California macrophylla
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
California macrophylla
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© 2016 Steve Matson
California macrophylla
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© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
California macrophylla
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© 2009 Barry Rice
California macrophylla
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© 2010 Chris Winchell

More photos of California macrophylla in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for California macrophylla:
NCoRI, s SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SCo, ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), WTR, PR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.