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|Family: Cactaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Cylindropuntia||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Cylindropuntia prolifera (Engelm.) F.M. Knuth
Habit: Plant < 2 m. Stem: trunk generally 1, branches few to several, generally curving upwards; terminal segments < 13 cm, 3.5--5 cm diam, easily detached; tubercles 1.2--2.5 cm, 4--9 mm high. Spines: 6--14, generally < 2 cm, pale red-brown to dark brown, sheath pale yellow-brown. Flower: produced from areoles of older fruit; inner perianth < 2 cm, purple-red; filaments green, generally tinted purple. Fruit: fleshy, "chained" (flowers and fruits produced sequentially from areoles of older fruits, forming chain of fruits), green, tubercles 0 to shallow; base obtuse; spines 0. Seed: < 4 mm, generally sterile. Chromosomes: 2n=22,33.
Ecology: Ocean bluffs, inland coastal scrub; Elevation: < 450 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul Note: "Chained" fruit unique in genus in California.
Synonyms: Opuntia prolifera Engelm.
Unabridged Note: Probable hybrid of Cylindropuntia alcahes (F.A.C. Weber) F.M. Knuth and Cylindropuntia cholla (F.A.C. Weber) F.M. Knuth, both of Baja California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Marc Baker, Bruce D. Parfitt & Jon Rebman
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Cylindropuntia munzii
Next taxon: Cylindropuntia ramosissima
Citation for this treatment: Marc Baker, Bruce D. Parfitt & Jon Rebman 2017. Cylindropuntia prolifera, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 2, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=80398, accessed on March 28, 2017.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on March 28, 2017.