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Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
Genera In Family: +- 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PhysariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb with caudex (annual or biennial); hairs stellate, +- sessile. Stem: erect to decumbent or prostrate, simple or branched distally. Leaf: basal generally rosetted, simple, entire to wavy or dentate (pinnately lobed); cauline petioled or sessile, entire to wavy or dentate, base not lobed. Flower: sepals oblong to ovate, erect or spreading, sac-like at base; petals yellow (white or +- purple), widely ovate to spoon-shaped, clawed or not. Fruit: silicle, dehiscent, spheric to ovoid, ellipsoid, oblong, or spectacle-shaped, inflated and bladdery or not, unsegmented, generally not flattened (flattened); stigma entire. Seed: 4--28(40), in 2 rows, wingless (narrowly winged).
Species In Genus: 105 species: western North America, South America. Etymology: (Greek: bladder, from inflated fruit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Species: Physaria kingiiView Description 

Habit: Caudex simple or branched. Stem: prostrate to decumbent or erect, few to numerous, 0.5--2(4) dm. Leaf: basal (1.2)2--6(8) cm, +- round to oblanceolate, wide-elliptic, or rhombic, entire to wavy or dentate; cauline 0.5--2 cm, obovate to elliptic or spoon-shaped, different in shape, width from basal. Flower: sepals 4--6(7) mm; petals 6--13 mm, obovate to oblanceolate. Fruit: 3.2--9 mm, +- spheric to obovoid or ellipsoid, truncate to round-acute, +- compressed, densely hairy outside, glabrous to sparsely hairy inside; septum perforated; style 2--9 mm; pedicel 4.5--10(15) mm. Seed: 4--12(16), flat.
Note: 7 subspecies total. Highly variable, more study needed.

Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina (Munz) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
Fruit: tip round-obtuse; valves glabrous inside; style 6--9 mm. Seed: 4--8.
Ecology: Dry flats, pine forest; Elevation: 1850--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnBr (Big Bear Valley). Flowering Time: May--Jun
Synonyms: Lesquerella kingii subsp. bernardina (Munz) Munz
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina


Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2017. Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 21, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 21, 2017.

Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina
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© 2013 Gary A. Monroe
Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina
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© Roxanne Bittman and CNPS

More photos of Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Physaria kingii subsp. bernardina:
SnBr (Big Bear Valley).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.