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Anisodontea capensis
CAPE MALLOW

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MalvaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MALLOW FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5--many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1--2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5--many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
Genera In Family: 266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). Note: Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise).
eFlora Treatment Author: Steven R. Hill, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AnisodonteaView Description 

Habit: (Annual) subshrub [perennial herb, shrub]. Stem: generally 0.5--3 m, erect, leafy, generally branched, generally stellate-bristly. Leaf: blade +- palmate- (ternate-)3--5--lobed. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks sometimes jointed +- 1 cm below flower; bractlets 3, free or fused basally, <= sepals. Flower: showy, pink, rose, or white generally with dark basal nerves or magenta spot; anthers on upper 1/3 of filament tube; stigma head-like. Fruit: segments 5--26, 3--9 mm, falling from fruit axis, +- 2-chambered, indehiscent or +- dehiscent, 1-seeded, or dehiscent, 2--6 seeded.
Species In Genus: 20 species: southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: aniso - unequal and odon - toothed; referring to the irregularly toothed leaves)

Anisodontea capensis (L.) D.M. Bates
GARDEN AND URBAN WEED
Habit: Plant 0.5--2 m, generally < 1 m wide, evergreen. Stem: erect, stellate-hairy, bristly. Leaf: blade generally 2--6 cm, rough-veined, truncate, ovate, 3--lobed, serrate to crenate-dentate, tip 3-toothed. Flower: 10--15 mm, 10 mm diam; petals not overlapped, pale pink with dark veins toward base; filaments pink, anthers black; styles red. Fruit: 5--6 mm diam, +- yellow-hairy; segments 9--12(16), 1-seeded, upper chamber empty. Chromosomes: 2n=44.
Ecology: Disturbed, generally urban places; Elevation: especially < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, ScV, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: native to South Africa. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug Note: Increasingly cultivated as ornamental; occasional weed in gardens, urban places, not fully naturalized, not qualifying as waif. Cult plants may be hybrids; plants with 2-seeded fruit segments may be Anisodontea elegans (Cav.) D.M. Bates, Anisodontea julii (DC.) D.M. Bates, or Anisodontea ×hypomadara (Sprague) D.M. Bates.
Synonyms: Malvastrum capense (L.) A. Gray & Harvey
eFlora Treatment Author: Steven R. Hill
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Citation for this treatment: Steven R. Hill 2016. Anisodontea capensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80280, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Anisodontea capensis:
NCoRO, ScV, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.