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Parnassia cirrata var. cirrata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ParnassiaceaeView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome [annual], generally glabrous, often with +- red marks on leaves, flowers when dry. Stem: scape with generally 1 leaf-like bract [scape 0]. Leaf: simple, basal [cauline], alternate [subopposite], generally petioled, often with +- red marks when dry; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: 1-flowered [cyme]. Flower: generally bisexual, +- radial; hypanthium minute, free from ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5 [0], free, generally white; stamens generally 5, opposite sepals; staminodes generally 5, alternate stamens, lobes generally present, thread-like to oblong, gland-tipped; pistil 1, ovary superior, chamber +- 1, placentas 4 [3], axile below, parietal above, styles very short, stigmas [3]4. Fruit: [3]4-valved capsule. Seed: many, winged, netted.
Genera In Family: 2 genera, +- 70 species: northern temperate, low arctic, alpine, temp South America (Lepuropetalon, Parnassia). Note: Formerly included in Saxifragaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ParnassiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Leaf: basal, blade ovate to reniform, entire, base tapered to cordate. Flower: petals white, with yellow, green or gray-brown lines.
Species In Genus: +- 70 species. Etymology: (Mount Parnassus, Greece)
Unabridged Reference: R.B. Phillips 1980, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of California, Berkeley
Species: Parnassia cirrataView Description 

Leaf: 3--18 cm; blade 1--6 cm, round-ovate, base tapered to weakly cordate. Inflorescence: 17--43 cm; bract above scape middle, ovate, base cordate, clasping. Flower: calyx lobes 3--7 mm, elliptic, entire to minute-dentate, reflexed in fruit; petals 8--15 mm, ovate to +- elliptic, fringed basally; staminodes 3--6 mm, lobes < 15, +- equal, thread-like to linear, tips spheric; anthers 1.5--2.2 mm. Fruit: 5--13 mm.

Parnassia cirrata Piper var. cirrata
Leaf: larger blades 0.7--2.5(3.5) cm wide. Flower: larger petals 3.3--5.2(7) mm wide; longer fringe filaments (3.3)3.5--6.5 mm.
Ecology: Wet places; Elevation: 700--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnGb, SnBr; Distribution Outside California: Mexico (Durango). Flowering Time: Jul--Oct
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
Unabridged Reference: R.B. Phillips 1980, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of California, Berkeley
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Citation for this treatment: Peter W. Ball 2012, Parnassia cirrata var. cirrata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 18, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 18, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Parnassia cirrata var. cirrata:
SnGb, SnBr;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.