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Vascular Plants of California
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Deinandra pallida

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Bahia in Hymenothrix; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Picradeniopsis; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Amauriopsis in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Hymenothrix; Arida in Leucosyris; Bahia in Picradeniopsis.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: DeinandraView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual [perennial herb] or subshrub to shrub, 4--120(150) cm, generally aromatic. Stem: generally +- erect, generally +- solid. Leaf: proximal in basal rosette or opposite (generally not persistent), most alternate, sessile, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, proximal generally pinnately lobed to serrate, distal generally entire, hairy, often glandular. Inflorescence: heads radiate, generally in flat-topped or +- panicle-like clusters or in tight groups; involucre bell- or urn-shaped, hemispheric, or +- obconic, 2--13+ mm diam; phyllaries 3--35 in 1 series, +- linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, each generally 1/2 enclosing a ray ovary, falling with fruit, +- hairy and sessile- or stalked-glandular; receptacle flat to convex, glabrous or minutely bristly; paleae in 1 series between ray and disk flowers in annual or in 2--3+ series or subtending all or most disk flowers in shrubs, fused or free, phyllary-like, more scarious. Ray Flower: 3--35; corolla deep or pale yellow. Disk Flower: 3--70, generally staminate, sometimes bisexual; corolla yellow, tube <= throat, lobes deltate; anthers generally +- red to dark purple or yellow to brown, tips lance-ovate to deltate; style glabrous proximal to branches, tips awl-shaped, densely bristly.; anther bases cordate-sagittate to sagittate. Fruit: ray nearly round in ×-section (except +- flattened adaxially) or +- 3-angled (abaxially generally +- widely 2-faced, adaxially +- flattened to slightly bulging), generally +- arched, glabrous, tip +- beaked, beak offset adaxially, ascending, pappus 0; disk fruit generally 0, disk pappus generally of 1--15 generally linear to lanceolate, entire or fringed to deeply cut scales, sometimes 0 or crown-like.
Species In Genus: 21 species: California, western Arizona, northern Baja California. Etymology: (Greek: fierce man, probably for name it replaced, Hartmannia DC., meaning "stag man," stags being fiercely territorial) Note: Self-sterile except Deinandra arida and Deinandra mohavensis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce G. Baldwin
Reference: Baldwin & Strother 2006 FNANM 21:280--286; Baldwin 2007 Amer J Bot 94:237--248
Unabridged Reference: Carlquist et al. 2003 Tarweeds and silverswords: evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae)
Deinandra pallida (D.D. Keck) B.G. Baldwin
Habit: Annual 0.9--10 dm. Stem: +- solid or hollow. Leaf: proximal pinnately lobed to toothed, +- coarse-hairy, sometimes also sparsely stalked-glandular. Inflorescence: heads in crowded to open, flat-topped or panicle-like clusters; bracts subtending head sometimes overlapping proximal 0--1/2 of involucre; phyllaries +- evenly and minutely stalked-glandular, +- hairy, glandless hairs slender-based; paleae in 1 series. Ray Flower: (7)8--12(13); corolla pale yellow, ray 6--12 mm. Disk Flower: 10--21, all or mostly staminate; anthers yellow or +- brown; pappus generally of 4--9, linear or oblong scales 0.8--1.1 mm, or of 1--5, awl-shaped to bristle-like scales 0.1--0.9 mm, rarely 0. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Grassland, open scrub and woodland, disturbed sites, often in +- alkaline soils; Elevation: 70--1100 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, s SnJV, s SCoRI. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Hemizonia pallida D.D. Keck
Jepson eFlora Author: Bruce G. Baldwin
Reference: Baldwin & Strother 2006 FNANM 21:280--286; Baldwin 2007 Amer J Bot 94:237--248
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Botanical illustration including Deinandra pallida

botanical illustration including Deinandra pallida


Citation for this treatment: Bruce G. Baldwin 2012, Deinandra pallida, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 18, 2019.

Deinandra pallida
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Deinandra pallida
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Deinandra pallida
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Deinandra pallida
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Deinandra pallida
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson
Deinandra pallida
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson

More photos of Deinandra pallida in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Deinandra pallida:
s SNF, Teh, s SnJV, s SCoRI.
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map of distribution 1
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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.