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Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SUNFLOWER FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Bahia; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Taxa of Arida in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Leucosyris.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: IsocomaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GOLDENBUSH
Habit: Subshrub; herbage glabrous, minutely scabrous, sessile- or stalked-glandular, long-soft-hairy, or tomentose. Stem: prostrate to erect, +- striate below, yellow-white or gray to red-brown, glabrous or variously hairy, often dotted with sessile resin glands. Leaf: alternate, sometimes clustered in axils, entire, toothed, or pinnately lobed, gland-dotted, sometimes gummy-resinous, light to dark gray-green. Inflorescence: heads discoid, in loose to tight cyme-like clusters, these borne at branch tips or in +- flat-topped or panicle-like 2° clusters; involucre obconic; phyllaries yellow-white proximally, cartilaginous, tips green; receptacle flat, epaleate. Flower: corolla yellow; tube narrowly cylindric, abruptly expanded into larger cylindric throat; lobes short, erect; style branch appendages triangular. Fruit: narrowly obconic, light tan, silky-hairy; hairs white, yellow, tan, or light red-tan; pappus of 1--2 series of white, +- yellow, or red-tan bristles +- 2 × fruit.
Species In Genus: 16 species: southwestern North America, Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: equal hair-tuft, from flowers) Note: Plants from southern San Diego Co. with pinnately lobed leaves resemble Isocoma tenuisecta Greene, not in California, but are more densely hairy.
Species: Isocoma menziesiiView Description 

Common Name: COASTAL GOLDENBUSH
Habit: Plant <= 2 m, mat-forming to erect. Stem: prostrate to erect, branched from base or rarely above, sometimes with stalked glands, otherwise glabrous, minutely scabrous, or tomentose, yellow-tan, gray, gray-green, or red-brown. Leaf: 0.7--4.5 cm, 5--15 mm wide, (ob)ovate to widely spoon-shaped, entire or toothed, gland-dotted or sometimes with stalked glands, otherwise glabrous, minutely scabrous, or tomentose, gray-green. Inflorescence: heads in loose to tight clusters of 4--10, variously arranged; involucres 4.5--10 mm, 2.5--8 mm diam; phyllaries 20--40 in 3--6 series, lanceolate, tips acute, not at all awn-tipped, or with weakly developed projection at tip, green to 1/3--1/2 length of phyllary, flat. Flower: 15--28. Fruit: pappus 3--5 mm, white to tan-white.
Note: 5 intergrading varieties in California, plus 1 restricted to Baja California. Population-level studies of variation needed.

Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides (Nutt.) G.L. Nesom
NATIVE
Habit: Plant <= 1.2 m; herbage sometimes stalked-glandular, otherwise scabrous, long-soft-hairy, gray tomentose, or becoming glabrous. Stem: erect to decumbent, branched at base. Leaf: clustered in axils, often so dense as to obscure stem, not fleshy, 10--45 mm, linear-oblong to oblanceolate, or obovate. Inflorescence: heads in +- dense +- flat-topped clusters. Flower: corolla 5--7 mm. Fruit: 2.3--3.6 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Protected sites on dunes, lagoon shores, marshes, dry slopes in grassland and coastal scrub; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: sw ScV, CW, SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Jun--Dec Note: Intergrading with Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii, Isocoma menziesii var. sedoides.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil
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Citation for this treatment: David J. Keil 2016. Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=7753, accessed on May 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 06, 2016.


Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides
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© 2011 Dylan Neubauer
Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides:
sw ScV, CW, SCo, ChI;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.