Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Geranium purpureum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GeraniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, often +- glandular, especially above. Stem: generally 1--4 mm wide in lower 1/2. Leaf: palmately lobed to divided, +- hairy; segments generally palmately lobed and/or toothed; upper alternate or opposite; blade generally round in outline, base generally cordate. Inflorescence: (1)2-flowered. Flower: radial (+- bilateral); sepals +- awned to mucronate; stamens 10, outer 5 opposite petals (lacking anthers in G. pusillum), inner 5 alternate petals, nectary glands 5, alternate petals. Fruit: mericarp generally ovoid, dehiscent, 1-seeded; basal callus generally present, often with long bristles.
Species In Genus: +- 400 species: temperate, tropical mountains. Etymology: (Greek: crane, from fruit beak)

Geranium purpureum Vill.
Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to ascending, 1--3.5 dm; hairs soft. Leaf: blade 3--8.7 cm wide; divided > 0.9 to base, segments 5, +- sessile to short-stalked, pinnately lobed to dissected. Flower: pedicel 5--10 mm; sepals 4.5--7 mm, smooth, soft-hairy, awned; petals 5--9.5 mm, rounded, pink to red-purple; anthers +- yellow. Fruit: mericarp 2.3--3 mm, ribbed or +- net-like, with 3--5 collar-like rings and long fibers at tip, glabrous or hairy, basal callus 0; beak 13--16 mm, narrow tip 4--4.5 mm; stigmas +- 1 mm. Seed: smooth. Chromosomes: 2n=32.
Ecology: Open to shaded sites; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, NCoRI, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: native to Europe, northern Africa, western Asia; alien in South America, New Zealand, southern Africa. Flowering Time: Mar--May
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo
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Citation for this treatment: Carlos Aedo 2017. Geranium purpureum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2017.

Geranium purpureum
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Geranium purpureum
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Geranium purpureum
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Geranium purpureum
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Geranium purpureum
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Geranium purpureum
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson

More photos of Geranium purpureum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Geranium purpureum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.