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Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
PARRY'S JUJUBE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RhamnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUCKTHORN FAMILY
Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short-shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short-shoots. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4--5; petals 0, 4--5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4--5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or +- inferior, chambers [1]2--4, 1--2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2--3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe.
Genera In Family: 50--52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus).
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ZiziphusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Tree, shrub [vine]. Stem: branches alternate, flexible or stiff, +- 2--3-ranked; twigs +- pendent, zigzag. Leaf: clustered on short-shoots or not, deciduous or not, petioled; stipules +- spine-like or not, unequal; blade elliptic to obovate, +- entire to serrate, 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme or small panicle. Flower: hypanthium surrounding base of ovary; sepals 5; petals 5, < to > sepals; stamens 5; disk thick, +- obscuring ovary in early flower; ovary widely attached at base, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: drupe, stone 1.
Species In Genus: 100 species: generally tropics. Etymology: (Latin: from Arabic "zizouf," common jujube, Ziziphus zizyphus)

Ziziphus parryi Torr. var. parryi
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub, < 4 m. Stem: bark gray to brown, smooth; branches pale green-yellow to +- purple; twigs 1.3--3 cm, stiff, spreading, thorn-tipped, with 1 node, 1 short-shoot, glabrous. Leaf: deciduous, membranous; stipules brown; blade 10--25 mm, elliptic to obovate, dull olive-green, margin +- entire. Inflorescence: 2--4-flowered. Flower: hypanthium 2--2.2 mm wide, purple-green, glabrous; sepals green; petals white; pistil green. Fruit: dry, 10--25 mm, beaked, brown.
Ecology: Uncommon. Chaparral; Elevation: 15--1220 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, SnBr, PR, DMoj, w edge DSon; Distribution Outside California: Mexico. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: 1 other var., in Baja California including Cedros Island.
Unabridged Note: Ziziphus parryi var. microphylla (I.M. Johnst.) M.C. Johnst. in Baja California including Cedros Island.
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr.
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botanical illustration including Ziziphus parryi var. parryi

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Citation for this treatment: John O. Sawyer, Jr. 2016. Ziziphus parryi var. parryi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77251, accessed on February 10, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 10, 2016.


Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse

More photos of Ziziphus parryi var. parryi in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Ziziphus parryi var. parryi:
SCo, SnBr, PR, DMoj, w edge DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.