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Vascular Plants of California
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Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
PARRY'S JUJUBE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RhamnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BUCKTHORN FAMILY
Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short-shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short-shoots. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4--5; petals 0, 4--5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4--5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or +- inferior, chambers [1]2--4, 1--2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2--3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe.
Genera In Family: 50--52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus).
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ZiziphusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Tree, shrub [vine]. Stem: branches alternate, flexible or stiff, +- 2--3-ranked; twigs +- pendent, zigzag. Leaf: clustered on short-shoots or not, deciduous or not, petioled; stipules +- spine-like or not, unequal; blade elliptic to obovate, +- entire to serrate, 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme or small panicle. Flower: hypanthium surrounding base of ovary; sepals 5; petals 5, < to > sepals; stamens 5; disk thick, +- obscuring ovary in early flower; ovary widely attached at base, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: drupe, stone 1.
Species In Genus: 100 species: generally tropics. Etymology: (Latin: from Arabic "zizouf," common jujube, Ziziphus zizyphus)
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr.
Reference: Islam & Simmons 2006 Syst Bot 31:826--842
Unabridged Reference: Johnston 1963 Amer J Bot 50:1020--1027
Ziziphus parryi Torr. var. parryi
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub, < 4 m. Stem: bark gray to brown, smooth; branches pale green-yellow to +- purple; twigs 1.3--3 cm, stiff, spreading, thorn-tipped, with 1 node, 1 short-shoot, glabrous. Leaf: deciduous, membranous; stipules brown; blade 10--25 mm, elliptic to obovate, dull olive-green, margin +- entire. Inflorescence: 2--4-flowered. Flower: hypanthium 2--2.2 mm wide, purple-green, glabrous; sepals green; petals white; pistil green. Fruit: dry, 10--25 mm, beaked, brown.
Ecology: Uncommon. Chaparral; Elevation: 15--1220 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, SnBr, PR, DMoj, w edge DSon; Distribution Outside California: Mexico. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: 1 other variety, in Baja California including Cedros Island.
Unabridged Synonyms: Condalia parryi (Torr.) Weberb.
Unabridged Note: Ziziphus parryi var. microphylla (I.M. Johnst.) M.C. Johnst. in Baja California including Cedros Island.
Jepson eFlora Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr.
Reference: Islam & Simmons 2006 Syst Bot 31:826--842
Unabridged Reference: Johnston 1963 Amer J Bot 50:1020--1027
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Botanical illustration including Ziziphus parryi var. parryi

botanical illustration including Ziziphus parryi var. parryi

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Citation for this treatment: John O. Sawyer, Jr. 2012, Ziziphus parryi var. parryi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=77251, accessed on August 24, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 24, 2019.

Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2004 Michael Charters
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Ziziphus parryi var. parryi
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse

More photos of Ziziphus parryi var. parryi in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Ziziphus parryi var. parryi:
SCo, SnBr, PR, DMoj, w edge DSon
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.