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Pistacia atlantica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AnacardiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SUMAC or CASHEW FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree; generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual; resin clear, often weathering black, generally aromatic, latex milky or 0. Leaf: simple to ternate- or odd-pinnate-compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, base generally +- fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; (perianth parts 1--7 in Pistacia); stamens 4--7 or 10, vestigial in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by +- lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1--3. Fruit: drupe-like, generally +- flat, sticky or not, hairs short or 0; pulp +- resinous, aromatic or not.
Genera In Family: 70+ genera, +- 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus), cultivated for fruit (Anacardium, cashew; Mangifera, mango; Pistacia, pistachio). Toxicity: TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PistaciaView Description 

Common Name: PISTACHIO
Habit: Tree; dioecious. Leaf: deciduous; leaflets [3]7--9[16], membranous, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, axillary or terminal, open to dense. Flower: perianth parts generally 1--7, bract-like, unequal, brown-green, ephemeral; stamens 4--7, vestigial in pistillate flowers; styles 3, fused at base, generally 0 in staminate flowers. Fruit: spheric to obovoid, +- purple; pulp fleshy.
Species In Genus: +- 11 species: Mediterranean, eastern Asia, Texas, Mexico. Etymology: (Ancient Arabic or Persian name) Note: Pistacia vera, pistachio, generally with 3 leaflets, widely cultivated for food.
Unabridged Note: Pistacia texana, lentisco, generally with < 21 leaflets, native to Texas, northern Mexico.

Pistacia atlantica Desf.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant 3--10 m. Stem: branches spreading to erect. Leaf: axis winged; leaflet tip acute to obtuse. Fruit: 6--8 mm, +- obovoid. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Flats, roadsides, drainages; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: ScV, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: escaped in Utah, Texas; native to Mediterranean, Middle East. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: Cult for ornamental, escaping; used as rootstock for Pistacia vera L.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Pistacia atlantica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77247, accessed on May 31, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 31, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Pistacia atlantica:
ScV, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.