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Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: STONECROP FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CotyledonView Description 

Habit: Shrub. Leaf: opposite, sessile; margin entire. Inflorescence: terminal. Flower: pendent, calyx, corolla circumscissile at base in fruit; sepals 5, +- free; corolla lobes 5, tube > sepals, often > lobes; stamens 10, epipetalous on tube; pistils erect, +- free. Seed: many, elliptic, ridged.
Species In Genus: 9 species: especially southern Africa; some cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: cavity)

Cotyledon orbiculata L. var. oblonga (Haw.) DC.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant < 1 m, erect, branched below, glabrous [or not]. Leaf: generally 2--4 pairs, +- clustered near stem tips or not, 5--18 cm, obovate to wedge-shaped, glaucous; tip rounded to obtuse, abruptly pointed. Inflorescence: 10--30-flowered, peduncle 20--40(50) cm, thick, +- bractless; pedicels pendent in flower, erect in fruit. Flower: sepals 2--5 mm; corolla orange to red or pink, tube (15)20--25 mm, cylindric, with hairy ring in proximal 1/4, lobes 10--15 mm, recurved. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Coastal bluffs, dunes, or persisting from cultivation; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: c&s CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Toxicity: Highly TOXIC to sheep and goats but rarely eaten. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd
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Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd 2016. Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77198, accessed on July 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 25, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga:
c&s CCo, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.