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Vascular Plants of California
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Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CotyledonView Description 

Habit: Shrub. Leaf: opposite, sessile; margin entire. Inflorescence: terminal. Flower: pendent, calyx, corolla circumscissile at base in fruit; sepals 5, +- free; corolla lobes 5, tube > sepals, often > lobes; stamens 10, epipetalous on tube; pistils erect, +- free. Seed: many, elliptic, ridged.
Species In Genus: 9 species: especially southern Africa; some cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: cavity)
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd
Unabridged Reference: Toelken 1985 Fl Pl South Afr 14:3--17
Cotyledon orbiculata L. var. oblonga (Haw.) DC.
Habit: Plant < 1 m, erect, branched below, glabrous [or not]. Leaf: generally 2--4 pairs, +- clustered near stem tips or not, 5--18 cm, obovate to wedge-shaped, glaucous; tip rounded to obtuse, abruptly pointed. Inflorescence: 10--30-flowered, peduncle 20--40(50) cm, thick, +- bractless; pedicels pendent in flower, erect in fruit. Flower: sepals 2--5 mm; corolla orange to red or pink, tube (15)20--25 mm, cylindric, with hairy ring in proximal 1/4, lobes 10--15 mm, recurved. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Coastal bluffs, dunes, or persisting from cultivation; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: c&s CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Toxicity: Highly TOXIC to sheep and goats but rarely eaten. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Steve Boyd
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd 2012, Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 11, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 11, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga.

Geographic subdivisions for Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga:
c&s CCo, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.