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Aeonium arboreum var. arboreum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AeoniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: [Perennial herb] to shrub. Leaf: rosettes near stem tips, leaves alternate, generally obovate to oblanceolate, ciliate [or not]. Inflorescence: terminal; branches many, flowers on 1 side. Flower: erect, calyx, corolla not circumscissile in fruit; sepals [6]7--11[16], +- fused basally; petals = sepals in number, +- free, > sepals, cream or bright yellow; stamens 2 × sepals in number; pistils erect, +- free. Seed: many, 0.4--0.6 mm, ellipsoid, striate, brown.
Species In Genus: 31 species: Africa, Yemen, Madeira, Cape Verde, especially Canary Islands. Etymology: (Latin: name given to Aeonium arboreum by Dioscorides, Greek botanist)

Aeonium arboreum (L.) Webb & Berthel. var. arboreum
Habit: Subshrub 1(2) m, +- open. Stem: 10--40 mm diam, leaf scars distinct. Leaf: rosettes generally dense, 10--20 cm diam, leaves 5--9(15) cm, 1.5--3 mm thick, oblong-oblanceolate. Inflorescence: dense, conic to ovoid. Flower: +- 2 cm wide; sepals 2--3.5 mm, 1.1--1.4 mm wide; petals narrow-oblong to lanceolate, 5--7 mm, 1.5--2 mm wide. Chromosomes: 2n=[36],72.
Ecology: Bluffs, dunes, or persisting from cultivation; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Canary Islands. Flowering Time: Oct--Apr
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd
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Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd 2016. Aeonium arboreum var. arboreum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 27, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Aeonium arboreum var. arboreum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.