Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Achlys triphylla subsp. triphylla

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BerberidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BARBERRY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, [tree], generally rhizomed, caudexed or not, glabrous, glaucous, or hairy. Stem: spreading to erect, branched or not. Leaf: simple, 1--3-ternate, or pinnately compound, basal and cauline, generally alternate, deciduous or evergreen, petioled, stipuled. Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, or panicle, scapose, terminal, or axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 6--18 or 0, generally in whorls of 3; petals generally 6, in 2 whorls of 3, or 0; stamens 6--12(13), free or fused at base, in 2 whorls or not, anthers dehiscent by flap-like valves or longitudinal slits; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules generally 1--10, style 1 or 0, stigma flat or spheric. Fruit: berry, capsule, achene [follicle].
Genera In Family: 16 genera, +- 670 species: temperate, tropics worldwide; some cultivated (Berberis, Epimedium, Nandina (heavenly bamboo), Vancouveria). Note: Lower sepals sometimes called "bracteoles," inner petals "staminodes".
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael P. Williams
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AchlysView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VANILLA LEAF
Habit: Perennial herb; rhizome scaly; caudex short, erect; wood, especially of roots, often yellow. Leaf: 1--few, basal, long-petioled, 1-ternate; leaflets triangular to fan-shaped, bases tapered. Inflorescence: +- scapose, spike, dense; lateral flowers generally unisexual, terminal bisexual. Flower: perianth 0; stamens (8)9(13), anther valves flap-like, curled inward; ovule 1, style 0, stigma +- flat, furrowed. Fruit: achene, curved, furrowed, brown to red-purple.
Species In Genus: 2 species: western North America, Japan. Etymology: (Greek: thin mist or obscurity, from inconspicuous flowers)

Achlys triphylla (Sm.) DC. subsp. triphylla
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 2--4 dm; rhizome internodes 2.5--5 cm. Inflorescence: 2.5--5 cm. Fruit: 3--4.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: Moist shaded sites, conifer forest; Elevation: < 1830 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, w KR, w NCoRO; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun Note: Other subsp. in Japan.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael P. Williams
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Achlys californica
Next taxon: Berberis

Name Search
botanical illustration including Achlys triphylla subsp. triphylla

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Michael P. Williams 2016. Achlys triphylla subsp. triphylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77185, accessed on September 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on September 29, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Achlys triphylla subsp. triphylla:
NCo, w KR, w NCoRO;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.