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Moenchia erecta subsp. erecta

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile.
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MoenchiaView Description 

Habit: Annual, erect, taprooted. Leaf: petioled or not, linear to oblanceolate; vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal, +- open; flowers 1--few; peduncles, pedicels 1--7+ cm. Flower: sepals generally 4, free, 3.8--7 mm, lanceolate, glabrous; petals (0)4, 2.5--6 mm, entire; stamens 4 or 8; styles generally 4, 0.7--1 mm. Fruit: capsule, cylindric, straight in upper 1/2; teeth 8, recurved. Seed: many, red-brown.
Species In Genus: 3 species: western and central Europe, Mediterranean. Etymology: (C. Moench, German naturalist, 1744--1805)

Moenchia erecta (L.) G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. subsp. erecta
Habit: Plant glabrous, glaucous. Stem: 2.5--15 cm. Leaf: basal +- petioled, 5--18 mm, +- oblanceolate; cauline sessile, 3--12 mm, linear to lance-linear, ascending, rigid. Flower: sepal veins 3, lateral faint; petals lanceolate, white. Chromosomes: 2n=38.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: 200--600 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c SNF, n CCo (Marin Co.); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, also Illinois, South Carolina; native to southwestern Europe. Flowering Time: Spring
Unabridged Note: According to Doreen Smith, observed at Sea Ranch, Sonoma Co., which, if verified, would expand range to include southern NCo. 1 other var., native to western Mediterranean, introduced in southern Africa, Australia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2016. Moenchia erecta subsp. erecta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Moenchia erecta subsp. erecta:
n&c SNF, n CCo (Marin Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.