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Vascular Plants of California
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Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides
MAIDEN PINK, MEADOW PINK


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DianthusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: CARNATION, PINK
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed. Leaf: linear to oblanceolate; vein 1 or lateral 2 less prominent. Inflorescence: terminal; few- to many-flowered, dense, or 1--few-flowered, open; involucre bracts 2--6, linear to ovate; pedicels 0--25 mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous to hairy, tube prominent, 1.3--2.2 cm, 1.8--3.3 mm diam, +- cylindric, veins 20--45[60], lobes 3--8 mm, < tube, triangular to lanceolate; petals 5, 13--24 mm, claw long, limb irregularly toothed or divided to narrow segments, unappendaged; stamen bases fused with petal bases to ovary stalk; styles 2, 5--12 mm. Fruit: capsule, +- tubular; stalk 1--4 mm; teeth 4, ascending. Seed: many, black.
Species In Genus: 320 species: Eurasia, southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: divine flower, from beauty or fragrance of flower)
Reference: Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:159--162
Dianthus deltoides L. subsp. deltoides
NATURALIZED
Habit: Perennial herb 18--40 cm; rhizomes slender. Leaf: basal oblanceolate; cauline linear to lance-linear. Inflorescence: flowers 1--few; bracts 1/3--1/2 × calyx tube, ovate, short-tapered; pedicels mostly 5--10+ mm. Flower: calyx 1.3--1.7 cm, hairs 0 to minute adaxially, ribs 25--30, lobes linear to +- triangular; petal limb 4--9 mm, deep pink with darker zigzag band near base. Fruit: stalk +- 3 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Wet meadows, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaRH, n&s SNH, SnJV, MP; Distribution Outside California: Washington, British Columbia, Alberta to Colorado, eastern North America; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Early summer
Unabridged Note: 1 other subsp., native to Europe, introduced in eastern Asia.
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:159--162
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=77168, accessed on November 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 22, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides.



Geographic subdivisions for Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides:
CaRH, n&s SNH, SnJV, MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.