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Vascular Plants of California
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Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora


Higher Taxonomy
Family: IridaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: IRIS FAMILY
Habit: [(Annual), shrub], perennial herb generally from [bulb], corm, or rhizome. Stem: generally erect, generally +- round in ×-section. Leaf: generally basal (few cauline), 2-ranked, +- sword-shaped, blade edge-wise to stem, with midvein or not; bases overlapped, sheathing. Inflorescence: generally +- terminal; spikes, umbel-like cymes, or flowers 1; flowers in spikes or 1 subtended by 2 subopposite flower bracts; umbel-like cymes enclosed by 2 subopposite, generally large, leaf-like inflorescence bracts, including various flower bracts. Flower: bisexual (unisexual), radial, with stamens erect, enclosing style, or bilateral, with stamens, style to 1 side, stamens not enclosing style; perianth radial, parts free or generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer +- like inner (or not, in Iris, parts in that genus called sepals, petals), upper +- like lower or not; stamens 3, attached at base of outer 3 perianth parts or in tube, generally free; ovary inferior [(superior)], [(1)]3-chambered, placentas axile [(parietal)], style 1, branches 3, entire to 2-branched, thread- or petal-like with stigma abaxial, proximal to tip. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: few to many.
Genera In Family: +- 65 genera, +- 2050 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Crocus, Dietes, Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Sisyrinchium). Note: Gladiolus italicus Mill., Gladiolus tristis L. are urban weeds. Sparaxis grandiflora (D. Delaroche) Ker Gawl., Sparaxis tricolor (Schneev.) Ker Gawl. are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter Goldblatt, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CrocosmiaView Description 


Habit: Corm round to ovoid, often making stolons, cover fibrous. Stem: generally branched. Inflorescence: spike or panicle of spikes, > leaves. Flower: radial or bilateral; perianth funnel- to trumpet-shaped, orange to brick-red, tube generally curved, lobes +- spreading, +- equal [unequal], spreading; stamens free, exserted from tube; style +- > stamens, branches notched at tip [entire]. Seed: generally 12--many, some occasionally aborted.
Species In Genus: 8 species: +- sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar. Etymology: (Greek: saffron odor, from dried flowers in warm water)
Reference: Goldblatt et al. 2004 Crocosmia and Chasmanthe. Timber Press
Unabridged Reference: DeVos 1984 J S African Bot 50:463--502
Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora (Lemoine) N.E. Br.
NATURALIZED
Stem: < 1 m. Leaf: 30--60 cm, 1--2.5 cm wide; midvein prominent. Flower: perianth 2--5 cm, lobes < 5 cm wide.
Ecology: Common. Generally in disturbed coastal areas, roadsides, often from garden waste; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, SnFrB, SCo, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: alien in northwestern and southeastern North America, Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, Madagascar, South America. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug Note: Made in France from Crocosmia pottsii (Baker) N.E. Br. × Crocosmia aurea (Hook.) Planch., both southern Africa; spreading by stolons.
Jepson eFlora Author: Peter Goldblatt
Reference: Goldblatt et al. 2004 Crocosmia and Chasmanthe. Timber Press
Unabridged Reference: DeVos 1984 J S African Bot 50:463--502
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Citation for this treatment: Peter Goldblatt 2012, Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=77150, accessed on August 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 21, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora.



Geographic subdivisions for Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora:
NCo, SnFrB, SCo, expected elsewhere
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.