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Tradescantia fluminensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CommelinaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SPIDERWORT FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, generally glabrous. Stem: prostrate to erect or climbing; nodes often rooting. Leaf: alternate, entire, simple, linear to ovate, closed basal sheath or lower leaf clasping stem. Inflorescence: cyme, umbel-like or not, terminal or terminal and axillary, subtended by 1--2 bracts [not]. Flower: generally bisexual, bilateral or radial, generally insect-pollinated; sepals 3, generally green; petals 3, blue, white, rose, purple, or pale violet, generally ephemeral; stamens 6 (3 sterile or not), filaments generally slender, often hairy; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1. Fruit: generally capsule. Seed: 1--few per chamber.
Genera In Family: 40 genera, +- 630 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated as ornamental.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TradescantiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb. Inflorescence: umbel-like, subtended by 2 leaf-like bracts. Flower: radial; petals equal, blue, rose, purple, or white; filament hairs generally from base, each a row of unusually large cells.
Species In Genus: +- 70 species: North America, South America. Etymology: (John Tradescant, British naturalist, 1570s--1638)

Tradescantia fluminensis Vell.
NATURALIZED
Leaf: 25--60 mm, glabrous, not glaucous. Inflorescence: terminal, occasionally axillary, flowers few to many. Flower: sepals 5--7 mm.
Ecology: Shaded woodland, streambanks; Elevation: 70--255 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnJV, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo; Distribution Outside California: uncommonly naturalized; native to South America. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
Unabridged Note: Also in disturbed urban areas. Streaming protoplasm was discovered in the unusually large cells of the filament hairs by Robert Brown in England, 1828.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Tradescantia fluminensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77137, accessed on May 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 29, 2016.


Tradescantia fluminensis
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Tradescantia fluminensis
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco

More photos of Tradescantia fluminensis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Tradescantia fluminensis:
SnJV, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.