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Paronychia echinulata var. echinulata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile.
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ParonychiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NAILWORT
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, erect or +- prostrate, taprooted. Leaf: stipules 1--6 mm, lanceolate to ovate, scarious, +- entire, white; blade elliptic to oblanceolate; vein +- 1. Inflorescence: axillary, dense; flowers 1--12; pedicels 0--2 mm. Flower: hypanthium cup-shaped; calyx abruptly expanded above or not; sepals 5, free, 0.7--4.4 mm (except awn), lanceolate to ovate, +- hairy, margin narrow, white, scarious, erect or recurved adaxially at tip (awn then appearing at tip); awn abaxial, subterminal, 0.5--1.5 mm, thread-like to +- stout, straight to wavy; petals 0; fertile stamens 5, staminodes 0 or 5, 0.5--1 mm, thread-like, on hypanthium rim; styles 2 or 2-branched in upper 1/2, 0.2--0.5 mm. Fruit: utricle, ovoid to spheric. Seed: 1, brown.
Species In Genus: 110 species: North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa. Etymology: (Greek: inflammation of finger, especially under nail [whitlow], ailment plant was believed to cure)

Paronychia echinulata Chater var. echinulata
NATURALIZED
Habit: Annual, slender; taproot < 1 mm diam. Stem: +- erect, 2--20 cm, not hidden by leaves. Leaf: stipules 1--3 mm; petiole +- present; blade 3--7 mm, elliptic to oblong, granular, brown; tip abruptly pointed; margin green, scabrous. Flower: 3--12, axillary, 2--2.5 mm; hairs +- dense, on lower 1/2, 0.1--0.2 mm, hooked at tip, sepals 0.7--1 mm (except awn), obovate to oblong, margin scarious, 0.1--0.2 mm wide, tip recurved adaxially, awn 0.6--0.9 mm, straight, stout, spreading; staminodes 0.5--0.6 mm. Seed: +- 0.7 mm, +- spheric. Chromosomes: 2n=10,14,24,28.
Ecology: Disturbed clay soil; Elevation: +- 25 m. Bioregional Distribution: n SnJV (La Grange, Stanislaus Co.); Distribution Outside California: native to southern Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia. Flowering Time: Spring
Unabridged Note: 1 other var., native to southern Europe, southwestern Asia, northwestern Africa.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2016. Paronychia echinulata var. echinulata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76965, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Paronychia echinulata var. echinulata:
n SnJV (La Grange, Stanislaus Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.